First-line treatment with the epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR TKI) dacomitinib demonstrated persistent survival benefit in patients with EGFR-positive advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to updated results from the phase III ARCHER 1050* trial.
Treatment with the (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor olaparib led to a statistically significant and clinically meaningful improvement in radiological progression-free survival (rPFS) vs physician’s choice of new hormonal agent (NHA) enzalutamide or abiraterone + prednisone in men with advanced prostate cancer harbouring certain gene mutations that were identified through genetic testing, the PROfound* trial has shown.
Treatment with durvalumab with or without tremelimumab appeared to improve overall survival (OS) in Asian patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (mNSCLC) compared with chemotherapy (CT) in the first-line setting, according to a post hoc analysis of the MYSTIC* trial presented at ESMO Asia 2019.
Circulating miR-155 may be potentially used as a diagnostic and therapeutic monitoring marker in breast cancer, suggests an Indonesian study presented at the 2019 Asia Congress of the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO Asia 2019).
First-line treatment with durvalumab + platinum-etoposide (EP)* improves overall survival (OS) in Asian patients with extensive-stage small-cell lung cancer (ES-SCLC), according to the CASPIAN** study.
In breast cancer, especially hormone-negative tumours, an ultrasound-guided core biopsy (CNB) is useful for predicting pathologic complete response (pCR) to chemotherapy and may thus help to avoid surgery for some patients, a study has found.
There appears to be no significant survival difference between first-line immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) and carboplatin-based chemotherapy in cisplatin-ineligible metastatic urothelial carcinoma patients, according to a Taiwan study presented at the recent 2019 Asia Congress of the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO Asia 2019).
C-reactive protein/albumin ratio (CAR) can provide prognostic information on survival in pancreatic cancer, such that patients with high pretreatment CAR may have poorer overall survival, according to a study presented at the ESMO Asia 2019 Congress.
The trastuzumab biosimilar HLX02 was equivalent to the reference trastuzumab in terms of overall response rate (ORR) in women with HER2*-positive (HER2+) breast cancer, along with similar safety profile, reveals a study presented at ESMO Asia 2019.
Obesity does not appear to be strongly correlated with an increased risk for febrile neutropaenia during levofloxacin prophylaxis in patients with haematological malignancies receiving intermediate-risk myelosuppressive chemotherapy, suggests a study.
Initiation or switch to the single-tablet regimen of bictegravir/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide (TAF) led to low HIV-1 RNA viral load in people living with HIV (PLHIV), according to the BICSTaR study presented at HIV Glasgow 2020.
Use of corticosteroids appears to be an effective treatment for paediatric drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS), suggest the results of a recent study. In severe cases, corticosteroids used in conjunction with intravenous immunoglobulin result in fast clinical improvement.
Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) seem to benefit from using chlorhexidine oral rinses twice daily as shown by the reduction in oral and sputum microbiota alpha diversity and by clinically significant improvements in COPD symptoms, according to a study presented at ID Week 2020.