Using regional citrate for anticoagulation during dialysis significantly extends the lifespan of dialysis filter compared with systemic heparin anticoagulation, although this has no impact on the patients’ mortality rate over 1 year, according to the RICH study presented at ASN 2020.
Adults with glomerular disease have a more than twofold risk of cardiovascular (CV) events compared with the general population, with the risk varying by type of glomerular disease, according to a retrospective study presented at ASN Kidney Week 2020.
The REDUCE-IT* RENAL study, a substudy of the REDUCE-IT trial, reflected the consistent benefit of icosapent ethyl (IPE) in statin-treated patients with established** cardiovascular disease (CVD) or diabetes, regardless of eGFR*** status.
Using vadadustat for treating anaemia in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) not on dialysis does not come with excess cardiovascular (CV) risk compared with darbepoetin alfa, particularly for those treated to a target Hb range of 10–11 g/dL, according to a prespecified analysis of the PRO2TECT study presented at ASN 2020 Kidney Week.
The administration of upacicalcet – a novel, small-molecule calcimimetic agent in late-stage development in Japan – led to a significant reduction in serum intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) level without increasing upper gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms in patients who have secondary hyperparathyroidism following haemodialysis, according to a phase III trial presented at ASN Kidney Week 2020.
Adding nutritional supplements, particularly protein, to diet of patients undergoing haemodialysis does not give an edge in survival compared with standard nutritional supplements, according to the HELPS-HD* study.
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Obesity does not appear to be strongly correlated with an increased risk for febrile neutropaenia during levofloxacin prophylaxis in patients with haematological malignancies receiving intermediate-risk myelosuppressive chemotherapy, suggests a study.
Initiation or switch to the single-tablet regimen of bictegravir/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide (TAF) led to low HIV-1 RNA viral load in people living with HIV (PLHIV), according to the BICSTaR study presented at HIV Glasgow 2020.
Use of corticosteroids appears to be an effective treatment for paediatric drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS), suggest the results of a recent study. In severe cases, corticosteroids used in conjunction with intravenous immunoglobulin result in fast clinical improvement.