Implementation of the enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols incorporating the use of scheduled multimodal analgesia reduced the need for opioid use in patients undergoing caesarean section (C-section), reveals a retrospective study presented at the ACOG 2020 Meeting.
Combining the oral GnRH* receptor antagonist relugolix together with oestradiol and the progestin norethindrone helps protect against bone loss induced by oestrogen deprivation associated with the use of GnRH receptor antagonist monotherapy for treating heavy menstrual bleeding, according to the LIBERTY studies released during the ACOG 2020 Meeting.
The addition of the oral GnRH* antagonist elagolix to hormonal add-back therapy (E2/NETA**) reduces menstrual blood loss (MBL) in women with heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB) associated with uterine fibroids (UF) and comorbid adenomyosis, with the extension phase showing benefits beyond 6 months, according to data presented at ACOG 2020.
The use of a vaginal cleansing intervention prior to Caesarean delivery reduced the incidence of surgical site infections (SSIs), according to a study presented at ACOG 2020. However, the addition of intravenous (IV) azithromycin prophylaxis had no added impact on SSI rates.
A novel, investigational vaginal pH regulator (VPR) – a nonhormonal, water-based, petroleum-free contraceptive vaginal gel – improved genitourinary (GU) side effects and sexual satisfaction in women who are at risk of pregnancy but are not aiming to conceive, interim findings from the phase III AMPOWER* trial show.
A levonorgestrel (LNG)-releasing intrauterine device (IUD) maintains high contraceptive efficacy up to 6 years, which is beyond the 5-year period it is currently approved for, according to data from the Mirena Extension Trial (MET) released during the ACOG 2020 Meeting.
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Obesity does not appear to be strongly correlated with an increased risk for febrile neutropaenia during levofloxacin prophylaxis in patients with haematological malignancies receiving intermediate-risk myelosuppressive chemotherapy, suggests a study.
Initiation or switch to the single-tablet regimen of bictegravir/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide (TAF) led to low HIV-1 RNA viral load in people living with HIV (PLHIV), according to the BICSTaR study presented at HIV Glasgow 2020.
Use of corticosteroids appears to be an effective treatment for paediatric drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS), suggest the results of a recent study. In severe cases, corticosteroids used in conjunction with intravenous immunoglobulin result in fast clinical improvement.
Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) seem to benefit from using chlorhexidine oral rinses twice daily as shown by the reduction in oral and sputum microbiota alpha diversity and by clinically significant improvements in COPD symptoms, according to a study presented at ID Week 2020.