pelvic%20inflammatory%20disease
PELVIC INFLAMMATORY DISEASE
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is the ascent of bacteria from the vagina or cervix resulting in infection of the reproductive organs eg uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries. It may also be a complication of sexually transmitted infections.
The most common symptoms of PID are lower abdominal pain (crampy or dull) that usually starts a few days after the onset of the last menstrual period, dyspareunia, abnormal vaginal or cervical discharge, postcoital or irregular vaginal bleeding, dysuria, fever, nausea and vomiting, although some have minimal symptoms or silent pelvic inflammatory disease.

Patient Education

  • Patient needs to be informed about the nature of the infection & the importance of taking the full course of medication
  • Counsel patients on possible complications of sexually transmitted infection (STI)
  • Inform the patient of the possible short-term effects of PID (eg tubo-ovarian abscess) as well as long-term consequence (eg infertility, ectopic pregnancy, chronic pelvic pain)
    • Incidence of long-term adverse effect of PID is directly related to the number of recurrences of PID
  • Patients should be advised to avoid unprotected sex until they & their partners have completed therapy & follow-up

Advise patients on how to lower their risk of acquiring sexually transmitted infections (STIs):

  • Tailor counseling to the patient’s specific risk factors
  • Abstinence, condom use
  • Careful selection of partners

Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS JPOG - Malaysia digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
6 days ago
Treatment with nebivolol yields more favourable changes in 24-hour, intradialytic and daytime systolic and diastolic blood pressure variability in patients with intradialytic hypertension, a study has found.
Stephen Padilla, 4 days ago
Early administration of recombinant human B-type natriuretic peptide (rhBNP) can lower the incidence of reperfusion injury for patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who are receiving percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) treatment, according to a China study.
11 Aug 2019
Intraoperative methylprednisolone does not appear to significantly prevent the incidence of death, cardiac arrest and other injuries in neonates undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass, according to a recent study.
2 days ago
The known benefits of coffee drinking keep on growing as a new study suggests that coffee consumption can lower the risk of liver-related hospitalizations.