Gastrointestinal parasitic infection symptoms include abdominal pain, diarrhea, dysentery, flatulence, malabsorption and symptoms of biliary obstruction.
It can be caused by protozoan parasites and helminths.
Host susceptibility factors in gastrointestinal parasitic infections are nutritional status, intercurrent disease, pregnancy, immunosuppressive drugs and presence of a malignancy.
Knowledge of the geographic distribution of parasites is helpful in the diagnosis of patients.

Follow Up

  • Repeat laboratory exams to document eradication of parasite, if necessary


  • Health education regarding personal hygiene, routes of transmission & prevention of transmission
  • Handwashing to interrupt the fecal-oral or urinary-oral route of transmission of many parasites
  • Good food hygiene eg washing all vegetables & fruits before consumption to interrupt fecal-oral transmission
    • Kitchen utensils must be washed frequently
    • Meat & fish must be properly cooked
  • Use of footwear to inhibit the soil-to-skin route of infection
  • Targeted chemotherapy may prevent infections, like treating family contacts of a patient w/ certain parasitic infections eg enterobiasis
  • Proper disposal of sewage & wastewater to avoid contamination of food crops or water supplies by fecal material
  • Compost of human waste to kill infective forms of parasites
Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS Gastroenterology - Malaysia digital copy today!
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
31 Jan 2018
Treatment with proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) appears to increase the risk of death during hospitalization in the presence of pyogenic liver abscess, according to a study.
28 Jun 2017
Intra- and/or postoperative blood transfusion (BT) may increase the risk of postoperative infections complications in patients with Crohn’s disease (CD), according to a study.
18 Oct 2016
EndoClot has been shown to help in the management of gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding whether as a monotherapy or in combination with other techniques from oozing bleeding type or lower, according to a recent study.
Stephen Padilla, 22 Dec 2017
A correlation exists between coeliac disease and a heightened risk of pneumococcal infection, according to a recent study, adding that vaccination must be considered for those with the disease, especially those aged 15‒64 years who have not received the scheduled pneumococcal vaccination series when they were young.