Acute pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas that occurs suddenly.
Abdominal pain is the most prominent symptom of acute pancreatitis.
It is diagnosed by at least two of the following: characteristic abdominal pain, serum amylase or lipase levels ≥3 times the upper limit of normal and characteristic abdominal imaging findings.
Mild acute pancreatitis does not have any organ failure or local or systemic complication.
Moderately severe acute pancreatitis has the presence of local or systemic complication and/or transient organ failure in <48 hours.
Severe acute pancreatitis has organ failure persistent in >48 hours.
Individuals with recurrent episodes of acute alcoholic pancreatitis (AAP) have a substantially elevated risk of pancreatic endocrine dysfunction, pancreatogenic diabetes and mortality, according to a recent study.
Vigorous periprocedural intravenous hydration with lactated Ringer’s solution may reduce the incidence and severity of pancreatitis following post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in both average-risk and high-risk patients, a study has shown.
Conventional treatment for acute pancreatitis consists of supportive treatment with discontinuation of oral intake and use of total parenteral nutrition (TPN), but enteral nutrition (EN) formulations are currently under study.
Noninclusion of antibiotics in the management of uncomplicated acute diverticulitis is feasible and fairly safe, with long-term follow-up data from the DIABOLO study showing that such a strategy does not result in increased incidence of complicated or recurrent diverticulitis or sigmoid resections over 2 years.
Consumption of whole-cricket powder appears to promote the growth of the probiotic gut bacterium Bifidobacterium animalis and reduce plasma concentrations of tumour necrosis factor-α, according to a recent trial.