Acute pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas that occurs suddenly.
Abdominal pain is the most prominent symptom of acute pancreatitis.
It is diagnosed by at least two of the following: Characteristic abdominal pain, serum lipase and/or amylase levels ≥3 times the upper limit of normal and characteristic abdominal imaging findings.
Mild acute pancreatitis does not have any organ failure or local or systemic complication.
Moderately severe acute pancreatitis has the presence of local or systemic complication and/or transient organ failure in <48 hours.
Severe acute pancreatitis has single or multiple organ failure persistent in >48 hours.
The types of bariatric surgery differentially affect the risk of developing acute pancreatitis postoperatively, such that the risk is greater in patients who undergo vertical sleeve gastrectomy vs Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery, according to a study. Risk factors include younger age and presence of gallstones.
Individuals with recurrent episodes of acute alcoholic pancreatitis (AAP) have a substantially elevated risk of pancreatic endocrine dysfunction, pancreatogenic diabetes and mortality, according to a recent study.