Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) appears to be the leading cause of childhood blindness, reveals a recent study in the US. More than half of these blind patients have had a treatable cause of blindness.
The administration of soybean oil, medium-chain triglycerides, olive oil, and fish oil (SMOF) in very preterm (VPI; <32 weeks) and very low birthweight infants (VLBWI; <1,500 g) helps lower peak levels of plasma total bilirubin (TB), direct bilirubin (DB), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and triglycerides (TG) during hospitalization, as shown in a recent study.
A 10-day standard course of antimicrobial therapy was associated with a lower rate of treatment failure in children with urinary tract infection (UTI) than with a 5-day short course of antimicrobial therapy, according to the SCOUT* trial.
Antibiotics do little in the absence of bacterial pathogens in the nasopharynx of children with acute sinusitis, according to a study, suggesting that testing for specific bacteria on presentation may help prevent unnecessary antibiotic use.
Placement in families is beneficial to children who have been previously put in institutional care, according to the results of the analysis of the Bucharest Early Intervention Project (BEIP). In addition, the benefits of foster care have remained stable across the child’s development.
A recent study has observed a low incidence of antibiotic-associated diarrhoea (AAD) among hospitalized children with no comorbid disease. In addition, most episodes of diarrhoea are mild and self-limiting, occurring usually among male patients, those aged <3 years, and those treated with ibuprofen.
For pregnant women at risk of delivering preterm, intravenous administration of magnesium sulfate prior to preterm birth at 30–34 week of gestation does not appear to minimize the chances of child survival free of cerebral palsy at 2 years, as shown in a study.