In children with type 1 diabetes, small doses of subcutaneous glucagon appear to be safe and effective in preventing hypoglycaemic episodes in cases of nausea, vomit or food refusal, a study has shown.
A Spanish prospective multicentre study has identified a wider spectrum of paediatric demyelinating and encephalitic syndromes associated with myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) antibodies than previously reported.
In the management of infants born with moderate hypoglycaemia, a strategy of initiating treatment at a lower glucose concentration proves noninferior to a traditional threshold of 47 mg/dL in terms of preventing brain injury, according to the results of the HypoEXIT* trial.
An observational cohort study in Zhejiang, China, has seen many asymptomatic children with the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19), demonstrating the difficulty in isolating paediatric patients who do not have clear epidemiological information. In addition, this poses a serious situation in community-acquired infections.
Neonatal BCG vaccination appears to reduce mortality both in tuberculosis (TB)-exposed and TB-unexposed children, according to a study, suggesting that timing of BCG administration factors in all-cause mortality.
A recent study reports a mean growth rate of proximal aorta of about 0.1 mm/year in hypertensive patients with known aortic dilatation. In addition, those with increased rather than normal aortic z score have slower dilatation over time.
Among patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF), treatment with apixaban was associated with a lower rate of ischaemic stroke, systemic embolism, and major bleeding compared with rivaroxaban, according to a large study assessing patients in routine care.