Severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) appears to be the best predictor of neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) at 2 years of age among all BPD definition criteria, according to a study. Moreover, a BPD diagnosis at 40 weeks’ postmenstrual age (PMA) allows better identification of infants at highest risk of NDI.
Wake after sleep onset (WASO) is higher while sleep efficiency is lower among children with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis (AD) as compared with healthy controls, a recent study has shown. However, bedtime and wake time, sleep duration, and sleep onset latency are similar between the two groups.
While very commonly used for children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in Malaysia and Singapore, complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) requires further studies to establish efficacy and potential safety issues, a new study shows.
Daily doses of the probiotic strains Bifidobacterium lactis CECT 8145, Bifidobacterium longum CECT 7347, and Lactobacillus casei CECT 9104 may reduce the SCORAD* index and need for topical steroids in children with moderate atopic dermatitis, according to a small study from Spain.
Among adolescents undergoing metabolic and bariatric surgery (MBS), those with increased weight loss, who are female and who are younger have a higher probability of resolution of specific cardiovascular disease risk factors (CVD-RFs), according to data from the Teen-Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery study.
Infection with herpes simplex virus occurs rarely in young infants undergoing meningitis evaluation, with the prevalence peaking in the second week of life and declining substantially in the second month of life, a study reports.
Adverse health outcomes are common in youth and young adults who regularly consume energy drinks, a recent Canada study has found. These adverse outcomes are similar in nature to the psychologic effects of caffeine.
Children with no known ocular and systemic anomalies have a 5.5-percent risk for retinal detachment (RD) for the first 10 years following cataract surgery, with the risk significantly increasing in a male, myopic and intellectually disabled child, suggests a recent study.
Among adolescents who have only received diphtheria, tetanus toxoids, acellular pertussis (DTaP) vaccines in childhood, tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine provides moderate protection against pertussis during the first year and then wanes rapidly thereafter.
Despite the prevalence of corticosteroid use in infants with bronchiolitis, data on its efficacy is insufficient. In this study, oral dexamethasone was compared with placebo in the treatment of bronchiolitis.