Quadrivalent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination can substantially reduce the risk of invasive cervical cancer, by up to almost 90 percent in women who were vaccinated early, a large Swedish registry-based study has shown.
A recent meta-analysis has identified six independent predictors of inpatient mortality in children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM), namely diarrhoea, shock, pneumonia, HIV infection, lack of appetite, and weight-for-height z score (WHZ).
Investigational drug AMO-02 (tideglusib) has a favourable risk-benefit and pharmacokinetic profile for congenital and childhood-onset type 1 myotonic dystrophy, a recent phase II study has shown. Further studies on tideglusib are warranted.
Having vaccination against influenza during pregnancy was not associated with an increased risk of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in the offspring, a large cohort study reveals — providing more support for vaccination during pregnancy.
Children with bladder bowel dysfunction fare well with combined pelvic floor interferential electrical stimulation and muscle exercises, which can lead to a significant decrease in daytime incontinence, urgency, and constipation, as shown in a study.
In paediatric patients with microbial keratitis, the most significant risk factors are contact lens wear, trauma, and existing ocular disease, while pre-existing corneal disease and delay in presentation correlate with poor visual acuity, according to a study.
A 4-week course of amoxicillin-clavulanate in children with protracted bacterial bronchitis (PBB) does not improve cough resolution rates compared with a 2-week course, according to a study from Australia. However, the longer course may significantly extend time to first cough exacerbation.