Infants delivered via caesarean section may be at increased risk of developing acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, according to a US study. Altered microbiota colonization is a possible explanation for this risk, although clear biological mechanisms have yet to be established.
The use of subcutaneous golimumab, a fully human anti-TNFα* monoclonal antibody, resulted in significant improvement in clinical responses in children with active polyarticular course of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (polyJIA), according to the GO KIDS** trial.
The use of a hybrid closed-loop insulin pump, which has shown promise in improving glycaemic outcomes in adolescents and adults with type 1 diabetes, may also be beneficial in children, according to a study presented at ENDO 2018.
The diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging facilitates rapid imaging of acute inflammatory or multifocal lesions in the renal parenchyma in children with acute pyelonephritis, demonstrating a higher sensitivity compared with 99mTc-dimercaptosuccinic acid static renal scintigraphy, a study has found.
Adolescents and young adults appear to have a significantly increased risk of suicide following nonfatal self-harm, a study reports. Among this high-risk population, those who have used violent self-harm methods, particularly firearms, are at especially greater risk.
Treatment with the tocolytic agents isoxsuprine or nifedipine was similarly effective in delaying delivery by 2 weeks among women who were admitted for preterm labour, according to a study presented at the RCOG World Congress 2018.
Receptivity to any tobacco advertising is high among adolescents, and e-cigarette advertising is the most effective, reports a recent US study, which also shows that receptivity to advertising is associated with progression to use.
Dr Elizabeth Carpenter, Principal Scientist of Dairy Goat Co-operative (DGC) in New Zealand, spoke to MIMS about goat milk as a source of protein in childhood nutrition. Below are highlights from the interview.
Adding tiotropium to inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) appeared safe and well tolerated in preschool children with persistent asthmatic symptoms, reveals an exploratory, regulatory trial—suggesting that tiotropium may be a complementary strategy for managing this young population for whom treatment options are scarce.