In preschoolers with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), negative parenting techniques, such as physical intrusions, appear to increase respiratory sinus arrhythmia and pre-ejection period, a new study shows. This suggests that improvements in parent-child interactions affect autonomic responses in this population.
With more than a 50-percent incidence rate, acute kidney injury (AKI) poses a serious problem to extremely low birthweight (ELBW) infants in that it cuts survival and is associated with the risk of patent ductus arteriosus, a recent study has found.
The paediatric dosing of intravenous zanamivir has a safety profile that is consistent with that expected in a population of children hospitalized for severe or progressive influenza, with majority achieving clinical improvement during the treatment course, according to a study.
A technology based on analysis of images taken using a smartphone provides acceptable estimates of total serum bilirubin levels in newborn infants, with an accuracy that does not differ from that of transcutaneous bilirubin measurement, according to a US study.
While electrocardiogram (EKG) provides an earlier and more accurate neonatal heart rate than a pulse oximeter, there is not enough evidence to conclude that clinical interventions can be initiated significantly earlier, a recent study shows.
Virtual reality (VR) seems to be more effective than standard of care (SOC) in reducing pain and anxiety in children undergoing a routine blood draw, a recent randomized controlled trial (RCT) has shown.
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is a common technique for alleviating respiratory distress in infants with bronchiolitis. Most studies of CPAP have been conducted in an intensive care setting, but a recent trial assessed the feasibility of using CPAP to treat infants with bronchiolitis in a general paediatric ward.