Quadrivalent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination can substantially reduce the risk of invasive cervical cancer, by up to almost 90 percent in women who were vaccinated early, a large Swedish registry-based study has shown.
A recent meta-analysis has identified six independent predictors of inpatient mortality in children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM), namely diarrhoea, shock, pneumonia, HIV infection, lack of appetite, and weight-for-height z score (WHZ).
Having vaccination against influenza during pregnancy was not associated with an increased risk of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in the offspring, a large cohort study reveals — providing more support for vaccination during pregnancy.
Despite a 90-percent cure rate after first treatment for children with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL), approximately 10–15 percent of patients with paediatric ALL will experience relapse. [Expert Rev Anticancer Ther 2017;17:725-736] A recent webinar on the current landscape of ALL highlighted the potential of immunotherapy for paediatric patients with relapsed or refractory ALL, thus providing hope for this high-risk patient group.
Neonates with symptomatic novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) more frequently require respiratory support, with high C-reactive protein (CRP) levels or greater prothrombin time (PT) indicating a more severe disease, according to a recent study.
A 4-week course of amoxicillin-clavulanate in children with protracted bacterial bronchitis (PBB) does not improve cough resolution rates compared with a 2-week course, according to a study from Australia. However, the longer course may significantly extend time to first cough exacerbation.