Biobrane is more effective than the conventional silver foam dressing for reducing hospital stay and the incidence of infection in paediatric burn patients, a recent Singapore study has shown. On the other hand, it appears to have no comparative advantage for long-term scar outcomes.
Academic decline in primary and secondary school appears to precede overt clinical symptoms of depression, a UK study reports. Furthermore, self-harm behaviour is associated with poor academic performance but during secondary school only.
Infants delivered via caesarean section may be at increased risk of developing acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, according to a US study. Altered microbiota colonization is a possible explanation for this risk, although clear biological mechanisms have yet to be established.
The use of subcutaneous golimumab, a fully human anti-TNFα* monoclonal antibody, resulted in significant improvement in clinical responses in children with active polyarticular course of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (polyJIA), according to the GO KIDS** trial.
The use of a hybrid closed-loop insulin pump, which has shown promise in improving glycaemic outcomes in adolescents and adults with type 1 diabetes, may also be beneficial in children, according to a study presented at ENDO 2018.
The diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging facilitates rapid imaging of acute inflammatory or multifocal lesions in the renal parenchyma in children with acute pyelonephritis, demonstrating a higher sensitivity compared with 99mTc-dimercaptosuccinic acid static renal scintigraphy, a study has found.
Treatment with the tocolytic agents isoxsuprine or nifedipine was similarly effective in delaying delivery by 2 weeks among women who were admitted for preterm labour, according to a study presented at the RCOG World Congress 2018.
Receptivity to any tobacco advertising is high among adolescents, and e-cigarette advertising is the most effective, reports a recent US study, which also shows that receptivity to advertising is associated with progression to use.
Dr Elizabeth Carpenter, Principal Scientist of Dairy Goat Co-operative (DGC) in New Zealand, spoke to MIMS about goat milk as a source of protein in childhood nutrition. Below are highlights from the interview.