Dr. Daniel Chan, Assoc Prof. Daisy Kwai-Lin Chan, 20200312000000
Hypoglycaemia is one of the most common clinical issues facing newborn
babies. It can be caused by abnormalities in the glycogen stores,
alternative substrates, and/or functioning enzymes. The definition of
neonatal hypoglycaemia itself remains challenging. Understanding normal
glucose physiology and biochemistry is important so that the
neonatologist can initiate appropriate investigations to elucidate an
aetiology and institute correct management. Early diagnosis and prompt
treatment of hypoglycaemia will reduce the risk of brain injury to the
Dr. Kubi Appiah, Dr. Piya Chaemsaithong, Dr. Liona Chiu Yee Poon, 20191129085839
Preterm birth (PTB) is birth that occurs before 37 weeks’ gestation, and it is a leading cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality.1 Babies born before 34 weeks’ gestation are particularly associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality.2 They are also at risk of long-term medical and social sequelae.3 It is therefore important to institute preventative measures that can help mitigate the occurrence of PTB in pregnant women.
Teng Sung Shin, Joyce Lam Ching Mei, 20180903000000
Bleeding disorders in children can be divided into acquired and congenital conditions, with the acquired being far more common than the congenital. Clinical bleeding manifestations can vary in severity. Identifying the root cause early is crucial to control and halt bleeding as well as to prevent the risk of future bleeding in a vulnerable age group. This can be achieved by a thorough and salient history, physical evaluation, and appropriate investigations. This review will describe the common causes of bleeding disorders in children and will suggest an approach to the workup and diagnosis of such disorders.
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