Streptococcus anginosus, aminoglycoside-susceptible Gram-negative bacilli and anaerobes remain the most common bacteria in previously healthy children presenting with complicated appendicitis requiring surgical drainage, reports a study.
Neutrophilia, lymphopaenia, secondary bacterial infections (SBIs) and presence of comorbidity are associated with severe clinical course, as well as death, in children with influenza-related lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI), a recent study has found.
Acute systemic illnesses or thrombotic events may trigger acute ischaemic stroke (AIS) in children with cardiac disease, a recent study has shown. Many of these events occur beyond the usual periprocedural window.
Common parent concerns associated with paediatric lumbar puncture procedures include pain, infection and neurological injury, a recent study has found. Showing them a short educational video helps allay such fears and may improve consent rates.
The presence of omphalomesenteric duct (OMD) is quite rare in infants, but clinicians are advised to consider this remnant while examining patients with umbilical abnormalities, according to a recent study, noting that mismanagement may lead to severe morbidity and mortality.
Refractive and visual outcomes, as well as neurodevelopmental outcomes, are similar at mean age of 1.5 years between children with prior history of intravitreal bevacizumab injection (IVB) and premature patients with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) without treatment, as shown in a study.
Adding the neuraminidase inhibitor oseltamivir to usual care speeds up recovery from influenza-like illness by a day compared with usual care alone, with even greater benefits seen in older, sicker patients with comorbidities, according to the ALIC4E study.
Anaemia increases mortality risk in heart failure (HF) patients across the ejection fraction (EF) spectrum, a recent study has found. The effect appears to be stronger in preserved (HFpEF) and midrange (HFmrEF) than in reduced (HFrEF) EF disease.