Hyperthyroidism in paediatric patients is associated with an increased likelihood of being diagnosed with mental health conditions (MHCs) such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), adjustment disorder, anxiety, bipolar disorder, depression and suicidality, a study suggests.
Treatment with the antitumour necrosis factor alpha appears to be beneficial in paediatric and adolescent patients with ulcerative colitis (UC), leading to lower colectomy rates within a period of 5 years and termination of corticosteroid use after 12 months, as shown in a recent study.
An intervention trial aimed at reducing the prevalence of obesity in early age, PROBIT (PRevention of OBesity In Toddlers), appears to have failed, although it has produced improvements in early feeding patterns.
Lithium exposure at any time during pregnancy among women with bipolar disorder is associated with certain dangers, and such risk is greater for first-trimester or higher-dosage exposure, reveals a study.
Dental care has the potential to reduce the recurrence of severe pneumonia in children with neurologic impairment (NI), whereas gastrostomy tube placement is associated with an increased risk of recurrence, possibly due to unresolved confounding by indication, according to a study.