In children with recurrent acute otitis media (rAOM), the presence of bacterial otopathogen, particularly nontypeable H. influenzae (NTHi), in the middle ear during ventilation tube insertion (VTI) is associated with repeat surgery, according to a recent study.
Neonates undergoing continuous electroencephalography (cEEG) for a neurologic injury have an elevated risk of seizure initially, according to a study. Seizure risk over time may be predicted by EEG monitoring indication and early epileptiform charges.
Safety data of the 9-valent human papillomavirus vaccine (9vHPV) from the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) during the first 3 years of its licensure in the United States have shown neither new or unexpected safety signals, nor unusual reporting patterns for clinically important adverse events (AEs), as reported in a study. Furthermore, the safety profile of the vaccine is similar to that of its quadrivalent predecessor (4vHPV).
In neonates at risk of congenital adrenal hyperplasia, prenatal dexamethasone exposure appears to reduce virilization but exerts no effect on physical outcomes, cognitive functions, behavioural problems and temperament, according to the results of a meta-analysis.
Adding the neuraminidase inhibitor oseltamivir to usual care speeds up recovery from influenza-like illness by a day compared with usual care alone, with even greater benefits seen in older, sicker patients with comorbidities, according to the ALIC4E study.
Anaemia increases mortality risk in heart failure (HF) patients across the ejection fraction (EF) spectrum, a recent study has found. The effect appears to be stronger in preserved (HFpEF) and midrange (HFmrEF) than in reduced (HFrEF) EF disease.