Maternal exposure to benzene from gasoline and other petroleum-derived sources is associated with subsequent development of childhood leukaemia in the offspring, according to the findings in this prospective study, with the exposure metric defined a priori.
Male patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) appear to use erectile dysfunction medications more frequently than those without the disease, with the association persisting regardless of a history of IBD surgery, according to a study.
Children with prenatal exposure to maternal cannabis use are likely to exhibit behavioural but not emotional problems, a study suggests. However, both maternal and paternal cannabis exposures during pregnancy appear to be related to offspring externalizing problems, indicating that the association may be explained by residual confounding.
Maternal severe mental illness and exposure to obstetric complications are independently associated with the risk of intellectual disability in children, which suggest potentially different causal pathways, a recent study has shown.
Critically ill children harbouring Stenotrophomonas maltophilia in the intensive care unit (ICU) may benefit from the combination treatment of trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole, ciprofloxacin, and minocycline, suggests a recent study.
Cold liquid stimulation produces positive short-term effects on pharyngeal swallowing in preterm infants with dysphagia, according to the results of a pilot study. Specifically, the intervention reduces airway compromise when compared with room temperature liquid swallows.
Despite the absence of a substance use problem, regular cannabis use is associated with psychosocial impairment among adolescents and young adults, a study suggests. On the other hand, regular users with cannabis use disorder appear to exhibit high psychiatric comorbidity and more severe psychosocial impairment.
During the Kuala Lumpur International Neonatology Conference held in conjunction with the World Prematurity Day 2017, Dato Dr Musa Mohd Nordin spoke on the importance of immunizing children with the diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis-inactivated poliovirus-Haemophilus influenzae type b (DTaP-IPV-Hib) vaccine. He highlighted the role of Hexaxim® as a fully liquid, ready-to-use, 6-in-1 (including hepatitis B) vaccine for the primary and booster vaccinations of infants and toddlers. Meanwhile, Dr Yong Junina Fadzil discussed the benefits of quadrivalent influenza vaccines (QIVs) in providing children with broader protection against influenza B viruses.
Tight glycaemic control does not yield significant short-term survival gains and risk reductions for infections when compared with a conventional glucose-lowering strategy in critically ill patients in the paediatric intensive care unit, according to a meta-analysis.