Infection with herpes simplex virus occurs rarely in young infants undergoing meningitis evaluation, with the prevalence peaking in the second week of life and declining substantially in the second month of life, a study reports.
Adverse health outcomes are common in youth and young adults who regularly consume energy drinks, a recent Canada study has found. These adverse outcomes are similar in nature to the psychologic effects of caffeine.
Children with no known ocular and systemic anomalies have a 5.5-percent risk for retinal detachment (RD) for the first 10 years following cataract surgery, with the risk significantly increasing in a male, myopic and intellectually disabled child, suggests a recent study.
Dermoscopy plus conventional and modified clinical ABCD criteria (amelanotic, bleeding bump, colour uniformity, de novo at any diameter) improves diagnosis of paediatric melanoma (PM), suggests a recent study. Dermoscopy helps in differentiating spitzoid from nonspitzoid melanomas.
Paternal exposure to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) prior to conception appears to be associated with a mildly increased risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in offspring, according to a study.
For febrile infants younger than 3 months old, current heart rate guidelines have variable performances, a recent Singapore study has found. Particularly, while the Advanced Paediatric Life Support (APLS) guideline had the greatest sensitivity, no individual guideline could satisfactorily predict serious infections (SIs).
Among adolescents who have only received diphtheria, tetanus toxoids, acellular pertussis (DTaP) vaccines in childhood, tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine provides moderate protection against pertussis during the first year and then wanes rapidly thereafter.
Despite the prevalence of corticosteroid use in infants with bronchiolitis, data on its efficacy is insufficient. In this study, oral dexamethasone was compared with placebo in the treatment of bronchiolitis.