Among preterm infants without culture-confirmed sepsis, exposure to antibiotics in the first week of life is not independently associated with an elevated risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) or death, according to a study.
Perirenal fat is associated with carotid intima-media thickness, especially among overweight and obese children, and may thus represent a useful parameter for evaluating cardiovascular risk in the paediatric population, according to a study.
Infants born to mothers with rheumatoid arthritis treated with tumour necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFIs) during pregnancy do not have a heightened risk of developing serious infections, a study reports.
Individuals who usually use screen media, such as smartphones and tablets, near bedtime have shorter valid sleep time, resulting in daytime sleepiness and worse self-satisfaction, suggests a China study.
Using polyethylene plastic bags when transporting very low birthweight (VLBW) infants from one hospital to another appears to effectively reduce the occurrence of hypothermia, especially moderate hypothermia, a study reports.
Factors including parental body mass index (BMI), low socioeconomic position (SEP) and smoking during pregnancy exert a strong, persisting influence on childhood BMI and weight, regardless of birthweight and infancy BMI, study reports.
A very low-carbohydrate diet intervention appears to be beneficial to patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus, providing exceptional glycaemic control but without increasing the risk of adverse events, a study reports.