ovarian%20mass
OVARIAN MASS
Ovarian cysts are typically noted after clinical screening, or as a result of exam for a suspected pelvic mass, or an incidental finding in investigations done for other reasons.
Most ovarian masses manifest with few or mild nonspecific symptoms.
Ovarian masses in women of reproductive age are mostly benign but the risk of malignancy increases with age.
Ovarian cysts in the prepubertal patients especially after the first week of life are abnormal and likely to be neoplastic. In adolescent patients, majority of ovarian masses are functional cysts.

Pharmacotherapy

Monophasic Combination Oral Contraceptives (COCs)

  • Studies suggested that expectant management is as effective as hormonal treatment for the resolution of functional ovarian cysts
  • Patients may be offered oral contraceptives (OCs) if they are seeking contraception
  • Estrogen/progestogen therapy may be useful in patients with anovulatory cycles who need OCs to induce the next period
  • Many monophasic combination oral contraceptives are available. Please see the latest MIMS for specific formulations
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Tristan Manalac, 09 Oct 2018
Regular use of low-dose aspirin appears to protect against ovarian cancer risk, according to a recent study, which also reports that such risks may be exacerbated in those with long-term, high-quantity use of other analgesics.