ovarian%20cancer
OVARIAN CANCER
Ovarian cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the ovaries.
It is the 7th most common cancer in women (excluding skin cancer) and the leading cause of death from gynecologic cancer in developed countries.
The 3 histologic types of ovarian cancer are epithelial (primarily seen in women >50 years of age), germ cell (most commonly seen in women <20 years of age) and sex cord stromal (rare and produces steroid hormones).
The median age at the time of diagnosis is 63 years old and >70% present with advanced disease.

    Radiotherapy

    • Eg External beam radiation therapy, brachytherapy
    • Has a limited role in the treatment of ovarian carcinoma
    • May be useful in the palliative phase to reduce complaints due to primary tumor or metastases
      • Used for patients with symptomatic metastases to the bones, supraclavicular or inguinal node, or brain
      • Also helpful in patients with pelvic localizations (eg complaints of nerve plexus compression, bleeding, pain or stasis)
      • Palliative localized radiation therapy is also an option for recurrence treatment
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