ovarian%20cancer
OVARIAN CANCER
Ovarian cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the ovaries.
It is the 7th most common cancer in women (excluding skin cancer) and the leading cause of death from gynecologic cancer in developed countries.
The 3 histologic types of ovarian cancer are epithelial (primarily seen in women >50 years of age), germ cell (most commonly seen in women <20 years of age) and sex cord stromal (rare and produces steroid hormones).
The median age at the time of diagnosis is 63 years old and >70% present with advanced disease.

    Radiotherapy

    • Eg External beam radiation therapy, brachytherapy
    • Has a limited role in the treatment of ovarian carcinoma
    • May be useful in the palliative phase to reduce complaints due to primary tumor or metastases
      • Used for patients with symptomatic metastases to the bones, supraclavicular or inguinal node, or brain
      • Also helpful in patients with pelvic localizations (eg complaints of nerve plexus compression, bleeding, pain or stasis)
      • Palliative localized radiation therapy is also an option for recurrence treatment
    Digital Edition
    Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS JPOG - Malaysia digital copy today!
    Sign In To Download
    Editor's Recommendations
    Most Read Articles
    01 Sep 2018

    Gangliosides and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) play critical roles in early childhood brain development. 

    Tristan Manalac, 09 Oct 2018
    Regular use of low-dose aspirin appears to protect against ovarian cancer risk, according to a recent study, which also reports that such risks may be exacerbated in those with long-term, high-quantity use of other analgesics.