ovarian%20cancer
OVARIAN CANCER
Ovarian cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the ovaries.
It is the 7th most common cancer in women (excluding skin cancer) and the leading cause of death from gynecologic cancer in developed countries.
The 3 histologic types of ovarian cancer are epithelial (primarily seen in women >50 years of age), germ cell (most commonly seen in women <20 years of age) and sex cord stromal (rare and produces steroid hormones).
The median age at the time of diagnosis is 63 years old and >70% present with advanced disease.

    Radiotherapy

    • Eg External beam radiation therapy, brachytherapy
    • Has a limited role in the treatment of ovarian carcinoma
    • May be useful in the palliative phase to reduce complaints due to primary tumor or metastases
      • Used for patients with symptomatic metastases to the bones, supraclavicular or inguinal node, or brain
      • Also helpful in patients with pelvic localizations (eg complaints of nerve plexus compression, bleeding, pain or stasis)
      • Palliative localized radiation therapy is also an option for recurrence treatment
    Digital Edition
    Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS JPOG - Malaysia digital copy today!
    Sign In To Download
    Editor's Recommendations
    Most Read Articles
    09 Jan 2018
    In pregnant mothers entering the third trimester, choline supplementation of approximately twice the recommended amount improves information processing in the offspring, a recent randomized, double-blind, controlled feeding study has shown.
    01 Mar 2018
    Acupuncture appears to be a safe and effective approach to reducing lumbopelvic pain during pregnancy, a recent New Zealand study has shown.
    06 May 2018
    Healthy young women with elevations in preconception blood pressure appear to be at increased risk of pregnancy loss, according to a study.
    Pearl Toh, 03 Apr 2018
    One third of women who have been in a relationship have experienced some form of physical and/or sexual violence by their intimate partner in their lifetime, and pregnant women are particularly vulnerable to domestic violence and abuse (DVA), said President of RCOG Professor Lesley Regan at the recent RCOG World Congress 2018 in Singapore.