Ovarian cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the ovaries.
It is the 7th most common cancer in women (excluding skin cancer) and the leading cause of death from gynecologic cancer in developed countries.
The 3 histologic types of ovarian cancer are epithelial (primarily seen in women >50 years of age), germ cell (most commonly seen in women <20 years of age) and sex cord stromal (rare and produces steroid hormones).
The median age at the time of diagnosis is 63 years old and >70% present with advanced disease.
The combination of olaparib and bevacizumab as maintenance therapy for advanced ovarian cancer appears to confer the greatest progression-free survival (PFS) benefit in women without residual macroscopic disease following upfront cytoreductive surgery, according to an analysis of the phase III PAOLA-1* trial.
Frontline maintenance treatment with a DNA engineered autologous tumour cell (EATC) immunotherapy yields relapse-free survival (RFS) benefit in patients with advanced epithelial ovarian cancer, particularly in those with wild-type BRCA1/2 status, according to the VITAL* study presented at the 2020 SGO Annual Meeting.
The CA125* test could be useful at detecting ovarian cancer and various other cancers in the primary care setting, particularly for women aged >50 years, according to a study presented at the recent NCRI** Cancer Conference held in Glasgow, Scotland, UK.
The widely adopted practice of secondary surgical cytoreduction in women with platinum-sensitive recurrent ovarian cancer is being called into question as a phase III trial shows no improvement in overall survival (OS) with this approach.
Treatment with the selective PARP* 1/2 inhibitor niraparib after a response to first-line platinum-based chemotherapy significantly extends progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with newly diagnosed advanced ovarian cancer, including those at high risk of relapse, according to the PRIMA** study presented at ESMO 2019.
A maintenance regimen comprising olaparib and bevacizumab led to greater progression-free survival (PFS) in patients newly diagnosed with advanced ovarian cancer, results of the phase III PAOLA-1/ENGOT-ov25* study showed.
Dr. Hsu Li Yang, Dr. Tan Thuan Tong, Dr. Andrea Kwa,
08 Jan 2021
Antimicrobial resistance has become increasingly dire as the rapid emergence of drug resistance, especially gram-negative pathogens, has outpaced the development of new antibiotics. At a recent virtual symposium, Dr Hsu Li Yang, Vice Dean (Global Health) and Programme Leader (Infectious Diseases), NUS Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health, presented epidemiological data on multidrug-resistant (MDR) gram-negative bacteria (GNB) in Asia, while Dr Tan Thuan Tong, Head and Senior Consultant, Department of Infectious Diseases, Singapore General Hospital (SGH), focused on the role of ceftazidime-avibactam in MDR GNB infections. Dr Andrea Kwa, Assistant Director of Research, Department of Pharmacy, SGH, joined the panel in an interactive fireside chat, to discuss challenges, practical considerations, and solutions in MDR gram-negative infections. This Pfizer-sponsored symposium was chaired by Dr Ng Shin Yi, Head and Senior Consultant of Surgical Intensive Care, SGH.
Spending too much time sitting cannot be good for the body, and rising to one's feet breaks up such a behaviour and yields small, but meaningful, reductions in certain cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors, according to the results of a meta-analysis.
Use of thyroid hormone therapy does not seem to protect older adults with subclinical hypothyroidism against mortality, but it appears to confer survival benefits to those aged <65 years, results of a study have shown.