Ovarian cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the ovaries.
It is the 7th most common cancer in women (excluding skin cancer) and the leading cause of death from gynecologic cancer in developed countries.
The 3 histologic types of ovarian cancer are epithelial (primarily seen in women >50 years of age), germ cell (most commonly seen in women <20 years of age) and sex cord stromal (rare and produces steroid hormones).
The median age at the time of diagnosis is 63 years old and >70% present with advanced disease.
Women with platinum-sensitive ovarian cancer with germline BRCA mutations who relapsed after previously receiving ≥2 lines of chemotherapy demonstrated better objective response rates (ORRs) and progression-free survival (PFS) following treatment with olaparib than platinum-based chemotherapy, according to results of the SOLO3* trial.