otitis%20media%20-%20acute
OTITIS MEDIA - ACUTE
Otitis media is a general term used to describe inflammation of the middle ear which may be caused by an acute infection.
The symptoms are usually nonspecific and include otalgia (pulling of ear in an infant), irritability, otorrhea with or without fever.
Symptoms of upper respiratory tract infection may also be present.

Introduction

  • Otitis media is the general term used to describe fluid in & inflammation of the middle ear

Definition

  • Acute otitis media (AOM) is the inflammation may be caused by an acute infection or brought about by dysfunction of the Eustachian tube

Etiology

Acute Otitis Media (AOM)

  • Streptococcus pneumoniae & Haemophilus influenzae are the most common causes of AOM
  • Moraxella catarrhalis is occasionally isolated; group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus & S aureus are other rare causes

Signs and Symptoms

  • Commonly unilateral & include otalgia, otorrhea w/ or w/o fever, diminished hearing, dysequilibrium
  • Symptoms of upper respiratory tract infection (eg cough, nasal discharge or stuffiness, sore throat) or exacerbation of allergic rhinitis may also be present

Middle Ear Inflammation

  • Apparent erythema of the tympanic membrane
  • Otalgia is apparent by noticeable discomfort of the ears that causes interference w/ or prevents normal sleep or activity
Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS Infectious Diseases - Malaysia digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
Pank Jit Sin, 02 May 2018
Leptospirosis is an endemic disease in Malaysia, but may be missed as doctors are not looking for it. 
Dr. Joseph Delano Fule Robles, 05 Dec 2017

Results of a study conducted by the Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) revealed that patients who recovered from hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection are still at risk for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). 

30 Mar 2018
A US study suggests that expanding HIV screening to reduce undiagnosed infections and increasing access to care and treatment to achieve viral suppression are important to lessen HIV transmission. It is also imperative that prevention methods, such as condoms and pre-exposure prophylaxis, be easily accessed, particularly among young men who have sex with men (MSM) and MSM of colour.
Saras Ramiya, 10 Aug 2018
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) and International Medical University (IMU) strengthens their research collaboration with the recent signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU).