otitis%20media%20-%20acute
OTITIS MEDIA - ACUTE
Otitis media is a general term used to describe inflammation of the middle ear which may be caused by an acute infection.
The symptoms are usually nonspecific and include otalgia (pulling of ear in an infant), irritability, otorrhea with or without fever.
Symptoms of upper respiratory tract infection may also be present.
  1. Guidelines for antimicrobial therapy of acute upper respiratory tract infections in Taiwan. J Microbiol Immunol Infect. 2002 Dec;35(4):272-273. PMID: 12542257
  2. American Academy of Pediatrics, American Academy of Family Physicians, Subcommittee on Management of Acute Otitis Media. Diagnosis and management of acute otitis media. Pediatrics. 2004 May;113(5):1451-1465. http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/113/5/1451.full.pdf. PMID: 15121972
  3. Chan RMT. Guidelines for the management of acute respiratory tract infections. Hong Kong Soc Infect Dis Bulletin. 2001 May;5(2). http://www.hksid.org/. Accessed 08 Dec 2003
  4. Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center. Evidence based clinical practice guideline for medical management of acute otitis media in children 2 months to 13 years of age. Guideline 6a. 2004 Oct. http://www.cincinnatichildrens.org/WorkArea/DownloadAsset.aspx?id=87856.
  5. Hoberman A, Marchant CD, Kaplan SL, et al. Treatment of acute otitis media consensus recommendations. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2002 Jul;41(6):373-390. PMID: 12166789
  6. Ramakrishnan K, Sparks RA, Berryhill WE. Diagnosis and treatment of otitis media. Am Fam Physician. 2007 Dec;76(11):1650-1658. http://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1201/p1650.pdf. PMID: 18092706
  7. Gilbert DN, Moellering RC, Eliopoulos GM, et al. The Sanford guide to antimicrobial therapy. 40th ed. Sperryville, VA: Antimicrobial Therapy Inc; 2010
  8. Kerschner JE. Otitis media. In: Kliegman RM, Behrman RE, Jenson HB, et al, eds. Nelson textbook of Pediatrics. 18th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders, Elsevier; 2007.
  9. Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement (ICSI). ICSI health care guideline: diagnosis and treatment of otitis media in children. 9th ed; 2008 Jan
  10. MedWormhttp://www.medworm.com/rss/index.php/Pediatrics/33/http://www.medworm.com/rss/medicalfeeds/specialities/Pediatrics.xml
  11. Ministry of Health Singapore. Clinical Practice Guidelines: use of antibiotics in pediatric care. MOH (Singapore). https://www.moh.gov.sg/. Mar 2002.
  12. Ministry of Health Singapore. Clinical Practice Guidelines: use of antibiotics in adults. MOH (Singapore). https://www.moh.gov.sg/. Apr 2000.
  13. Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN). Diagnosis and management of childhood otitis media in primary care: a national clinical guideline. SIGN Web Site. http://www.sign.ac.uk/guidelines/fulltext/66/section5.html. Feb 2003.
  14. Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center. Evidence based clinical practice guideline for medical management of acute otitis media in children 2 months to 13 years of age. Guideline 6a. Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center. http://www.cincinnatichildrens.org/assets/0/78/1067/2709/2777/2793/9199/c16a2055-7273-4802-8a70-3581b9d279e9.pdf. 2006
  15. CKS. Otitis media-acute. Clinical Knowledge Summaries. http://www.cks.library.nhs.uk/otitis_media_acute# 184731001. 2007
  16. Alberta Medical Association. Guideline for the diagnosis and management of acute otitis media. http://www.topalbertadoctors.org/NR/rdonlyres/7C92AE96-C4B5-4F6F839D48D2FFE9F726/0/AOM.pdf. 2008
  17. Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement (ICSI). ICSI healthcare guideline: diagnosis of otitis media in children. 8th ed. http://www.icsi.org. May 2004.
  18. Practical Support for Clinical Governance. Prodigy guidance: otitis media - acute. http://www.prodigy.nhs.uk. 2003.
  19. Alberta Medical Association. The diagnosis and treatment of acute otitis media in children. http://www.albertadoctors.org/resources/guideline.html. Nov 2001. Accessed 08 Dec 2003
  20. Limb CJ, Lustig LR, Klein JO. Acute otitis media in adults (suppurative and serous). UpToDate. http://www.uptodate.com/contents/acute-otitis-media-in-adults-suppurative-and-serous. 3 Feb 2014. Accessed 19 Feb 2014
Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS Infectious Diseases - Malaysia digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
Dr. Joseph Delano Fule Robles, 23 Jan 2019

Scientists from the Department of Microbiology, University of Hong Kong (HKU) recently discovered a compound with broad antiviral activity against viruses causing Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), avian flu (H7N9), severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Zika fever.

Roshini Claire Anthony, 05 Jul 2016

Renal transplant recipients have a high incidence of hospitalization due to pyelonephritis, according to a Danish population-based cohort study.