Otitis media is a general term used to describe inflammation of the middle ear which may be caused by an acute infection.
The symptoms are usually nonspecific and include otalgia (pulling of ear in an infant), irritability, otorrhea with or without fever.
Symptoms of upper respiratory tract infection may also be present
Children who undergo adenoidectomy, tonsillectomy, or both (adenotonsillectomy) within the first 9 years of life may have an elevated long-term risk of respiratory, allergic, or infectious diseases, results from a Denmark-based study show.
Not only are broad-spectrum antibiotics no better than narrow-spectrum antibiotics in reducing treatment failures and improving other patient-centred outcomes, their use may come with more side effects than narrow-spectrum antibiotics in children with acute respiratory tract infections (ARTIs), suggests a recent study.
In children with acute otitis media, antimicrobial treatment may be most beneficial in the presence of severe bulging of the tympanic membrane and be withheld in patients with peaked tympanogram, according to a study.
A family history of testicular cancer (TC), carcinoma, mesothelioma, sarcoma, malignant melanoma and malignant neuroepithelial tumours appears to increase the risk of paediatric and young adults’ TC, suggests a recent study.
Acute gastroenteritis (AGE) remains a significant contributor to paediatric disease burden across the world in the 21st century. Rehydration remains the mainstay of therapy, while pharmacotherapy may have adjunctive benefits. We seek to review the evolution in management strategies of paediatric AGE, in particular the child with viral AGE.
April 17 marks World Haemophilia Day, and this year’s theme is “Reaching Out – The First Step to Care”. Adjunct Assoc Prof Joyce Lam Ching Mei, head of the Haematology Laboratory and Blood Bank and senior consultant from the Paediatric Haematology/Oncology Service at KK Women’s and Children’s Hospital, Singapore, speaks to Elaine Soliven on the importance of recognizing and managing bleeding disorders in primary care.
The 2-year preventive oral health programme in Singapore has succeeded in lowering the presence of severe early childhood caries (SECC) among infants and toddlers, driven primarily by the implementation of targeted behaviour modifications, such as reducing the consumption of sweetened milk and increased use of fluoridated toothpaste, reports a study.