Otitis media is a general term used to describe inflammation of the middle ear which may be caused by an acute infection.
The symptoms are usually nonspecific and include otalgia (pulling of ear in an infant), irritability, otorrhea with or without fever.
Symptoms of upper respiratory tract infection may also be present
In children with recurrent acute otitis media (rAOM), the presence of bacterial otopathogen, particularly nontypeable H. influenzae (NTHi), in the middle ear during ventilation tube insertion (VTI) is associated with repeat surgery, according to a recent study.
Children who undergo adenoidectomy, tonsillectomy, or both (adenotonsillectomy) within the first 9 years of life may have an elevated long-term risk of respiratory, allergic, or infectious diseases, results from a Denmark-based study show.
Not only are broad-spectrum antibiotics no better than narrow-spectrum antibiotics in reducing treatment failures and improving other patient-centred outcomes, their use may come with more side effects than narrow-spectrum antibiotics in children with acute respiratory tract infections (ARTIs), suggests a recent study.
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Antiviral treatment with tenofovir alafenamide fumarate (TAF) during pregnancy in highly viraemic mothers effectively prevents mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of hepatitis B virus (HBV) with no safety concerns, according to two studies presented during the AASLD 2020 Liver Meeting.