Otitis media is a general term used to describe inflammation of the middle ear which may be caused by an acute infection.
The symptoms are usually nonspecific and include otalgia (pulling of ear in an infant), irritability, otorrhea with or without fever.
Symptoms of upper respiratory tract infection may also be present
Children who undergo adenoidectomy, tonsillectomy, or both (adenotonsillectomy) within the first 9 years of life may have an elevated long-term risk of respiratory, allergic, or infectious diseases, results from a Denmark-based study show.
Not only are broad-spectrum antibiotics no better than narrow-spectrum antibiotics in reducing treatment failures and improving other patient-centred outcomes, their use may come with more side effects than narrow-spectrum antibiotics in children with acute respiratory tract infections (ARTIs), suggests a recent study.
In children with acute otitis media, antimicrobial treatment may be most beneficial in the presence of severe bulging of the tympanic membrane and be withheld in patients with peaked tympanogram, according to a study.
A 2-week course of the immunotherapy drug teplizumab delayed the onset of type 1 diabetes (T1D) in individuals at high risk for the condition, according to a phase II trial conducted by the TrialNet Study Group and presented at ADA 2019.