otitis%20media%20-%20acute%20(pediatric)
OTITIS MEDIA - ACUTE (PEDIATRIC)
Treatment Guideline Chart
Otitis media is a general term used to describe inflammation of the middle ear which may be caused by an acute infection.
The symptoms are usually nonspecific and include otalgia (pulling of ear in an infant), irritability, otorrhea with or without fever.
Symptoms of upper respiratory tract infection may also be present

Differential Diagnosis

Otitis Media with Effusion (OME)
  • Typically diagnosed if there is middle ear effusion (MEE) on pneumatic otoscopy or abnormal tympanometry without signs of acute inflammation
Myringitis
  • Inflammation of the tympanic membrane usually associated with viral upper respiratory tract infection (URTI)
Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media
  • Persistent inflammation associated with perforated tympanic membrane and drainage of exudate for >6 weeks
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