Osteoporosis is a progressive, systemic, skeletal disease characterized
by decreased bone mass and microarchitectural deterioration of bone
tissue leading to increased bone fragility and susceptibility to
The more risk factors (eg history of fracture, advanced age,
comorbidities, etc) that are present, the greater the risk
Postmenopausal women with osteoporosis had a low incidence of fracture and a continuous increase in bone mineral density (BMD) after 7–10 years of denosumab treatment, according to results of the open-label, 7-year extension of the phase III FREEDOM* trial.
Immobilization or disuse of the forearm leads to impairment in the ability of a protein-rich meal to promote positive muscle amino acid balance, which is aggravated by dietary lipid oversupply, suggests a study. Disuse also lowers postprandial forearm amino acid uptake, but this is not exacerbated under high-fat conditions.
Increased coffee consumption among regular drinkers is associated with higher estimated glomerular filtration rate and confers protection against the risk of chronic kidney disease stages G3–G5 and albuminuria, as shown in a study.
Excess weight, greater abdominal fat, inflammation and low physical performance can all contribute to insulin resistance in middle-age Singaporean women, and these variables explain why the condition is more common among women of Chinese than Malay and Indian ethnicities, a study has found.