Osteoporosis is a progressive, systemic, skeletal disease characterized
by decreased bone mass and microarchitectural deterioration of bone
tissue leading to increased bone fragility and susceptibility to
The more risk factors (eg history of fracture, advanced age,
comorbidities, etc) that are present, the greater the risk
A family physician (GP)-led, community screening programme helped reduce the incidence of hip fracture in older women, highlighting the important role played by GPs in reducing the morbidity associated with hip fractures in this population, the UK-based SCOOP* trial revealed.
A once-daily subcutaneous dose of teriparatide may be more effective than once-weekly oral risedronate in preventing vertebral fractures in post-menopausal women with osteoporosis and a history of vertebral fractures, findings from the VERO* trial show.
An initial strategy of 1-year romosozumab followed by alendronate is superior over alendronate alone in reducing new vertebral fractures in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis at high risk for fracture, according to the ARCH* study.
Women who temporarily or permanently stop taking bisphosphonates (drug holiday) for an extended period of time may have an increased risk of hip fractures, findings from a recent population-based study revealed.
Levels of urinary iodine concentration appear to be lower in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis than in healthy postmenopausal women, suggesting the involvement of iodine deficiency in osteoporosis in this population, according to a study.
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Acute diarrhoea is the second leading cause of deathin children aged younger than 5 years, accounting forapproximately 1.9 million deaths worldwide each year;however, diarrhoea is a preventable and treatable condition.In Malaysia, acute gastroenteritis accounts for about 1.3%of all deaths in children aged younger than 5 years annually.Diarrhoea is defined as the passage of three or more looseor watery stools within 24 hours, and it may be clinicallycategorised as either acute watery diarrhoea (AWD), acutebloody diarrhoea, persistent diarrhoea or diarrhoea withsevere malnutrition.