Osteoporosis is a progressive, systemic, skeletal disease characterized
by decreased bone mass and microarchitectural deterioration of bone
tissue leading to increased bone fragility and susceptibility to
The more risk factors (eg history of fracture, advanced age,
comorbidities, etc) that are present, the greater the risk
The sodium‐glucose‐cotransporter‐2 inhibitor empagliflozin yields beneficial effects on weight anthropometric parameters and body composition—including weight, body mass index, waist and hip circumference, and total body fat—that are greater than those achieved with metformin in overweight and obese women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a study has shown.
The risk of miscarriage is lowest at age 27 years but increases with older age and by up to four times after three consecutive previous miscarriages, according to a Norway study. This risk is also associated with earlier pregnancy complications, including stillbirth, preterm delivery and gestational diabetes.