Osteoporosis is a progressive, systemic, skeletal disease characterized
by decreased bone mass and microarchitectural deterioration of bone
tissue leading to increased bone fragility and susceptibility to
The more risk factors (eg history of fracture, advanced age,
comorbidities, etc) that are present, the greater the risk
Thalassaemia becomes a global health problem. Most women with thalassaemia trait can be picked up by universal prenatal screening for thalassaemia using mean corpuscular volume/haemoglobin, followed by haemoglobin pattern with or without DNA analysis.