Treatment Guideline Chart

Osteoarthritis is a chronic progressive disease where there is degeneration and loss of articular cartilage that occurs together with new bone formation at the joint surfaces and margins that causes pain and deformity.

The patient experiences pain, stiffness, decreased movement, inflammation and crepitus.

The pain is usually aggravated by activities and relieved by rest.

Osteoarthritis Patient Education

Patient Education

  • Teach patient about their disease and encourage them to participate in self-management programs
    • Aim to increase patient compliance to treatment and manage psychosocial impacts of disease such as anxiety, depression or helplessness
    • Self-efficacy and self-management programs are strongly recommended for patients with hand, knee and/or hip osteoarthritis
  • Educate patient about their increased risk for fall and how to prevent or minimize it
  • Encourage patient to adhere to the non-pharmacological management
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