osteoarthritis
OSTEOARTHRITIS

Osteoarthritis is a chronic progressive disease where there is degeneration & loss of articular cartilage that occurs together with new bone formation at the joint surfaces and margins, that causes pain and deformity.

The patient experiences pain, stiffness, decreased movement, inflammation and crepitus.

The pain is usually aggravated by pain and relieved by rest.

Patient Education

  • Teach patient about their disease & encourage them to participate in self management programs
    • Aim to increase patient compliance to treatment & manage psychosocial impacts of diseases such as anxiety, depression or helplessness
  • Educate patient about their increase risk for fall & how to prevent or minimize it
  • Encourage patient to adhere to the non-pharmacological management
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Partial knee replacement surgery provides similar clinical outcomes as total knee replacement in patients with late-stage osteoarthritis (OA), although the former proves more cost-effective according to the results of the TOPKAT* trial.
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In women, higher parity, earlier age at menarche and oral contraceptive use contribute to a heightened risk of total knee replacement for severe knee osteoarthritis, according to a Singapore study.
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