Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) levels are significantly lower among patients with active uveitis than those with inactive uveitis and local population-based estimates, reports a study. In addition, vitamin D supplementation may help reduce uveitis activity, while sun exposure confers a beneficial effect to those with vitamin D deficiency.
Postprandial hyperglycaemia may increase the risk of incident diabetic retinopathy (DR) in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) independently of glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) status, reports a new study.
The Hedgehog pathway inhibitor vismodegib appears to be effective in the treatment of locally advanced periocular basal cell carcinoma (BCC), with adverse events (AEs) that are mostly manageable, as reported in a recent study.
Use of cyclosporine A cationic emulsion 0.1% eye drops in the treatment of patients with severe active vernal keratoconjunctivitis is safe and yields improvements in keratitis, symptoms and quality of life that are maintained for up to 8 months, according to the results of a trial.
Short sleep duration appears to be linked to moderate diabetic retinopathy (DR), according to a new Singapore study. Parameters related to obstructive sleep apnoea, as well as high insomnia risk, are also additionally associated with vision-threatening (VT) DR and diabetic macular oedema (DME).
Aspirin use does not appear to result in progression of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) or its subtypes in either the Age-Related Eye Disease Study (AREDS) or AREDS2, a study has shown. Thus, there is no need to avoid aspirin use when it is medically indicated in AMD patients.
The baseline inferior subfield retinal thickness may predict the frequency of treatment for diabetic macular oedema (DME) during the first year in eyes administered pro re nata (PRN) intravitreal ranibizumab (IVR) injections, a new study shows.