Refractive errors are ocular disorders that occur when the optical power of the eye produces an object image that is not focused on the retina. Although easily correctable in developed countries, the global burden of uncorrected refractive errors is enormous, with an estimated 145 million visually impaired and 8 million blind individuals.
Audrey Abella spoke with Dr Inez Wong, senior consultant ophthalmologist and director of paediatric ophthalmology and strabismus service at the Eagle Eye Centre in Singapore, on how GPs can manage refractive errors in the primary care setting.
Diabetes causes blindness. We have heard or seen this many times. It seems like everyone (doctors, nurses, pharmacists and patients) knows that diabetes causes blindness. Then why is it that there are so many diabetics still going blind? Knowing and not doing anything to prevent blindness is akin to not knowing at all. Pharmacists need to play their role in preventing their diabetic patients from going blind.
Pharmacists encounter pink eye or conjunctivitis frequently at their workplace. Among the various causes, bacterial conjunctivitis is the commonest cause of this condition. Read on to find out about tips to manage bacterial conjunctivitis and how pharmaceutical manufacturing process influences the quality and efficacy of some of the products used.
Age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) is the most common cause of irreversible loss of central vision in people beyond the age of 50 in the developed world. [BMJ 2003;326(7387):485-8] Asian studies show that its prevalence in Asians is largely similar. [Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2007;48:1007-11, Ophthalmology 2010;117(5):921-7]
Combining the DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) diet with low sodium intake reduces systolic blood pressure (SBP) in individuals with pre- and stage 1 hypertension, with progressively higher reductions at greater levels of baseline SBP, a recent study has shown.