Refractive errors are ocular disorders that occur when the optical power of the eye produces an object image that is not focused on the retina. Although easily correctable in developed countries, the global burden of uncorrected refractive errors is enormous, with an estimated 145 million visually impaired and 8 million blind individuals.
Audrey Abella spoke with Dr Inez Wong, senior consultant ophthalmologist and director of paediatric ophthalmology and strabismus service at the Eagle Eye Centre in Singapore, on how GPs can manage refractive errors in the primary care setting.
Use of standard-dose aspirin or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) appears to confer protection against the risk of endometrial cancer in overweight and obese women, according to a meta-analysis.
Less than 15 percent of Singaporean adolescents get the recommended 8–10 hours of sleep on a school night, reports a recent study, noting that such short sleep duration is linked to symptoms of depression, overweight or obesity, and poorer self-rated health.
Obstructive sleep apnoea may increase the risk of male-pattern baldness in men with a family history of hair loss, and this association appears to be mediated by low serum transferrin saturation levels related to hypoxia, a study suggests.