Refractive errors are ocular disorders that occur when the optical power of the eye produces an object image that is not focused on the retina. Although easily correctable in developed countries, the global burden of uncorrected refractive errors is enormous, with an estimated 145 million visually impaired and 8 million blind individuals.
Audrey Abella spoke with Dr Inez Wong, senior consultant ophthalmologist and director of paediatric ophthalmology and strabismus service at the Eagle Eye Centre in Singapore, on how GPs can manage refractive errors in the primary care setting.
Diabetes causes blindness. We have heard or seen this many times. It seems like everyone (doctors, nurses, pharmacists and patients) knows that diabetes causes blindness. Then why is it that there are so many diabetics still going blind? Knowing and not doing anything to prevent blindness is akin to not knowing at all. Pharmacists need to play their role in preventing their diabetic patients from going blind.
Pharmacists encounter pink eye or conjunctivitis frequently at their workplace. Among the various causes, bacterial conjunctivitis is the commonest cause of this condition. Read on to find out about tips to manage bacterial conjunctivitis and how pharmaceutical manufacturing process influences the quality and efficacy of some of the products used.
Age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) is the most common cause of irreversible loss of central vision in people beyond the age of 50 in the developed world. [BMJ 2003;326(7387):485-8] Asian studies show that its prevalence in Asians is largely similar. [Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2007;48:1007-11, Ophthalmology 2010;117(5):921-7]
Compared to triple therapy, dual antithrombotic therapy yields reduced bleeding without excess ischaemic and thromboembolic cardiac events in patients with long-term indication to chronic oral anticoagulation following percutaneous coronary intervention, according to a new study.
Exposure to antibiotics during pregnancy, but not in infantile age, appears to carry an increased risk of developing very early onset (VEO) inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in children, as reported in a study from Sweden.
Listening to upbeat music during an ECG treadmill stress test significantly prolongs exercise time, suggests a pilot study presented at the American College of Cardiology 2018 (ACC.18) Annual Scientific Session in Orlando, Florida, US.