Diabetic retinopathy is a leading cause of blindness, making early detection of this condition crucial. Dr Yong Shao Onn from the Eagle Eye Centre at Mt Alvernia Hospital, Singapore, speaks to Roshini Claire Anthony on the diagnosis and treatment options.
Refractive errors are ocular disorders that occur when the optical power of the eye produces an object image that is not focused on the retina. Although easily correctable in developed countries, the global burden of uncorrected refractive errors is enormous, with an estimated 145 million visually impaired and 8 million blind individuals.
Audrey Abella spoke with Dr Inez Wong, senior consultant ophthalmologist and director of paediatric ophthalmology and strabismus service at the Eagle Eye Centre in Singapore, on how GPs can manage refractive errors in the primary care setting.
Exposure to corticosteroids in patients with autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) appears to contribute to increased risks of cataract, diabetes and bone fractures, a study has found. Notably, the fracture risk is elevated at low doses, while the risk of adverse events overall is dose-dependent and is reversible.
Supplementation with oral nano vitamin D appears to moderate disease activity and severity grade of patients with active ulcerative colitis (UC), suggests a study, adding that this association is more evident in those achieving a target vitamin D level of 40 ng/mL.