The lutein and zeaxanthin status in pregnant women may play a significant role in the visual developmental trajectory of their offspring, such that higher concentrations of these two carotenoids protect against the risk of poor visual acuity (VA) in children, as reported in a study from Singapore.
Unusual involvement of the eyes with atypical presentations may occur in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) on antitumour necrosis factor (anti-TNF) therapy, according to a recent study presented at the 2019 Advances in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases Annual Meeting (AIBD 2019).
Short sleep duration appears to be linked to moderate diabetic retinopathy (DR), according to a new Singapore study. Parameters related to obstructive sleep apnoea, as well as high insomnia risk, are also additionally associated with vision-threatening (VT) DR and diabetic macular oedema (DME).
Asians who use angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, fibrates, alpha-glucosidase inhibitors or insulin are likely to have cortical cataract, independent of the presence of hypertension, hyperlipidaemia or diabetes, according to data from the Singapore Epidemiology of Eye Diseases (SEED) study.
The fixed-dose combination of brinzolamide 1% and brimonidine 0.2% (BBFC) is superior to vehicle in lowering intraocular pressure (IOP) over a 24-hour period following 4 weeks of 3-times-daily treatment in patients with open-angle glaucoma (OAG) or ocular hypertension (OHT), a study has shown.
A novel incentive strategy which rewards patients who are compliant to their medications significantly improves adherence rates, thus providing a potential cost-effective adherence intervention, the SIGMA* study shows.
Pneumonia is a common infection– affecting around 3,200 people inSingapore in 2016 – making it the thirdmost common cause of hospitalisation inthe country. Its common complications,especially with delayed or inappropriatetreatment, include bacteraemia andseptic shock, lung abscesses, pleuraleffusions, empyema, pleurisy, respiratoryfailure and renal failure.