Retinal microvascular signs, while relatively rare, may reflect microvascular pathology in the brain, which potentially leads to dementia and cognitive impairment, according to a recent cross-sectional analysis of the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities cohort.
Using smartphone cameras for ophthalmic examination may result in variabilities in the objective quantification of conjunctival redness, highlighting the importance of camera calibration, a recent study has found.
It appears that attending cram school for ≥2 h/d increases the risk of children’s incident myopia, which may be caused by greater near visual activity or reduced time outdoors, suggests a recent Taiwan study.
Intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide (ITA) and intravitreal dexamethasone implant (IDI) are better than periocular triamcinolone acetonide (PTA) in the treatment of uveitic macular oedema (ME), with modest increases in risk of intraocular pressure (IOP), suggests a study. Such risk does not significantly differ between intravitreal treatments.
Long-term regular use of low-dose aspirin for 5 years does not increase the risk of neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD), according to a recent study, suggesting the safety of long-term use of low-dose aspirin as regards the development of neovascular AMD.
Use of contaminated ophthalmologic equipment can lead to outbreaks of adenovirus in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), reports a study. Moreover, indirect transmission is possible even in equipment that does not directly contact patients.
Reflex tearing by Meibomian gland dysfunction must be considered for proper tearing management due to the high incidence of accompanying Meibomian gland loss in cases of lacrimal drainage system (LDS) obstruction, suggests a recent study.
Topical 5-fluorouracil 1% is as good as interferon alfa-2b 1 MIU/mL eye drops in the primary treatment of ocular surface squamous neoplasia (OSSN), with both modalities leading to high tumour resolution and low recurrence rates, a recent study has shown.
Olanzapine confers a modest therapeutic effect on weight compared with placebo in adult outpatients with anorexia nervosa, a study has shown. However, it does not appear to offer significant benefit for psychological symptoms.
A latest study at ISC 2019 shows that even patients with large-core stroke damage can have a good outcome after mechanical clot removal with endovascular thrombectomy (EVT), depending on the size of the infarct and time lapses between stroke onset and treatment.
Treatment with secukinumab results in a higher rate of remission or low-disease activity at week 16 in patients with psoriatic arthritis as compared with placebo, according to a posthoc analysis of the FUTURE 2 study. This effect is sustained at 2 years and is evident in both tumour necrosis factor inhibitor-experienced and -naïve patients.