Refractive and visual outcomes, as well as neurodevelopmental outcomes, are similar at mean age of 1.5 years between children with prior history of intravitreal bevacizumab injection (IVB) and premature patients with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) without treatment, as shown in a study.
Eyes treated with steroid or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) drops after selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) show significantly better reduction in intraocular pressure (IOP) at 12 weeks, a study has shown.
There appears to be an association between obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and preclinical thinning of the peripapillary retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) in young adults, according to a study. This suggests that individuals with OSA since young adulthood may be at increased risk of glaucoma.
Implantation of intraocular lens (IOL) during early childhood leads to a higher incidence of visual axis opacities compared with aphakia, making it not suitable for children aged ≤6 months, reports a study.
Individuals with glaucoma are more likely to experience increased night-time blood pressure (BP) independent of known risk factors such as age, obesity and diabetes as compared with those who do not have the eye disease, a study reports.
Use of Rose Bengal photodynamic antimicrobial therapy in the adjunct setting shows promise in the management of severe, progressive infectious keratitis prior to a therapeutic keratoplasty, according to the results of a pilot trial.
Acute cerebral ischaemia is detected by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in 30 percent of patients with acute central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) and 25 percent of those with acute branch retinal artery occlusion (BRAO), results of a systematic review and meta-analysis have shown.
A large case series of enucleations has shown a low rate of implant exposure, which indicates that absence of wrapping material around hydroxyapatite orbital implants does not compromise surgical outcomes. It has also reduced surgical time and prevented complications from wrapping materials.
Exposure to corticosteroids in patients with autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) appears to contribute to increased risks of cataract, diabetes and bone fractures, a study has found. Notably, the fracture risk is elevated at low doses, while the risk of adverse events overall is dose-dependent and is reversible.
In patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and stable coronary artery disease (CAD), rivaroxaban monotherapy is noninferior to combination treatment with an antiplatelet therapy in terms of cutting the risk of cardiovascular events and mortality, according to data from the AFIRE trial.
Supplementation with oral nano vitamin D appears to moderate disease activity and severity grade of patients with active ulcerative colitis (UC), suggests a study, adding that this association is more evident in those achieving a target vitamin D level of 40 ng/mL.