Ophthalmia neonatorum is conjunctivitis occurring in a newborn during the first month of life.
It is also called neonatal conjunctivitis.
Organisms causing neonatal conjunctivitis are usually acquired from the infected birth canal of the mother during vaginal delivery, though some may acquire the infection from their immediate surroundings.
It is one of the leading cause of blindness in infants via corneal ulceration and subsequent opacification or perforation and endophthalmitis.

Ophthalmia Neonatorum References

  1. Workowski KA, Berman S, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sexually transmitted diseases treatment guidelines, 2010. MMWR. 2010 Dec;59(RR-12):1-110. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed. Accessed 01 Jun 2012. PMID: 21160459
  2. Mabry-Hernandez I, Oliverio-Hoffmann R. Ocular prophylaxis for gonococcal ophthalmia neonatorum: evidence updated for the U.S. preventive services task force reaffirmation recommendation statement. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) publication. 2010 Aug
  3. Chang K, Cheng VY, Kwong NS. Neonatal haemorrhagic conjunctivitis: a specific sign of chlamydial infection. Hongkong Med J. 2006 Feb;12(1):27-32. PMID: 16495586
  4. Mallika PS, Asok T, Faisal HA, et al. Neonatal conjunctivitis - a review. Malaysian Family Physician. 2008;3(2). Accessed 06 Sep 2012
  5. Olitsky S, Hug D, Plummer L, et al. Ophthalmia neonatorum. In: Kliegman RM, Stanton BF, St Geme JW III, et al, eds. Nelson textbook of Pediatrics. 19th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders, Elsevier; 2011
  6. Rubenstein J, Virasch V. Neonatal conjunctivitis (ophthalmia neonatorum). In: Yanoff M, Duker JS, et al. Ophthalmology. 3rd ed. Maryland Heights, MO: Mosby, Elsevier; 2009
  7. MedWormhttp://www.medworm.com/rss/index.php/Pediatrics/33/http://www.medworm.com/rss/medicalfeeds/specialities/Pediatrics.xml
  8. Pammi M, Hammerschlag M. Chlamydia trachomatis infections in the newborn. UpToDate. http://uptodate.com/index. Aug 2012. Accessed 14 Sep 2012
  9. The College of Optometrists. Ophthalmia neonatorum clinical management guidelines. Version 7. http://www.college-optometrists.org/. Jan 2011
  10. Speer M. Gonococcal infection in the newborn. UpToDate. http://uptodate.com/index. Jan 2012. Accessed 14 Sep 2012
  11. Sielski L. Overview of the routine management of the healthy newborn infant. UpToDate. http://uptodate.com/index. Feb 2012. Accessed 14 Sep 2012
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