Use of the triplet regimen containing encorafenib, cetuximab and binimetinib, or a doublet regimen containing the first two, confers significant benefits for overall survival and response as compared with standard therapy in the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC) harbouring the BRAF V600E mutation, according to the initial results of the phase III, open-label BEACON CRC trial.
Using a humanized antidisialoganglioside mAb (hu14.18K322A) in combination with induction chemotherapy appears to yield favourable outcomes in children with high-risk neuroblastoma, including induction of an early response, improvement of Curie scores (CSs) and a 2-year event-free survival (EFS), according to the results of a phase II trial.
Treatment with the (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor olaparib led to a statistically significant and clinically meaningful improvement in radiological progression-free survival (rPFS) vs physician’s choice of new hormonal agent (NHA) enzalutamide or abiraterone + prednisone in men with advanced prostate cancer harbouring certain gene mutations that were identified through genetic testing, the PROfound* trial has shown.
Treatment with durvalumab with or without tremelimumab appeared to improve overall survival (OS) in Asian patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (mNSCLC) compared with chemotherapy (CT) in the first-line setting, according to a post hoc analysis of the MYSTIC* trial presented at ESMO Asia 2019.
While douching is not associated with the risk of ovarian cancer, the combination of talc and commercially available douches contributes to a modest increase in the risk of epithelial ovarian cancer beyond that conferred by talc use alone, as shown in a recent study.
Use of oestrogen therapy alone appears to contribute to an increased risk of developing cutaneous melanoma, although the addition of progestins may counteract this unfavourable effect, a study has found.
Transitioning from bortezomib- to ixazomib-based induction is feasible, tolerable and effective in the treatment of community patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM), according to a study presented at the 61st Annual Meeting of the American Society of Hematology (ASH 2019).
Final analysis of the POEMS (Prevention of Early Menopause) study finds that breast cancer (BC) patients treated with the gonadotrophin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) goserelin, in addition to chemotherapy, are more likely to avoid premature menopause and to become pregnant without negatively impacting disease-related outcomes.
In breast cancer, especially hormone-negative tumours, an ultrasound-guided core biopsy (CNB) is useful for predicting pathologic complete response (pCR) to chemotherapy and may thus help to avoid surgery for some patients, a study has found.
Circulating miR-155 may be potentially used as a diagnostic and therapeutic monitoring marker in breast cancer, suggests an Indonesian study presented at the 2019 Asia Congress of the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO Asia 2019).