Adding nivolumab to chemotherapy in the first-line setting significantly improves survival compared with chemotherapy alone in patients with HER2-negative advanced gastric/gastroesophageal (G/GEJ) cancer or oesophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC), shows the CheckMate 649 study presented at ESMO 2020.
Quadrivalent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination can substantially reduce the risk of invasive cervical cancer, by up to almost 90 percent in women who were vaccinated early, a large Swedish registry-based study has shown.
Initial active treatment is associated with generally worse long-term self-reported quality of life (QoL) in men with localized prostate cancer compared with those without a diagnosis of the disease, according to a study. Furthermore, radical prostatectomy results in some adverse effects, particularly in relation to sexual outcomes.
Olaparib, a PARP* inhibitor used to treat ovarian and breast cancer, also extends overall survival (OS) of men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) harbouring at least one mutation in BRCA1, BRCA2, or ATM, according to final report of the PROfound** study presented at ESMO 2020.
The highly specific MET inhibitor capmatinib may be a new therapeutic option for patients with MET exon 14-mutated or MET-amplified non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the phase II GEOMETRY mono-1 study has shown.
A community initiative targeted at metastatic breast cancer (mBC) patients has recently been launched by the Breast Cancer Welfare Association Malaysia (BCWA). Called #UnPause, the initiative aims to rally mBC patients to live their lives to the fullest. It further aims to raise awareness of mBC among the public and prevent treatment disruption as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. #UnPause is also supported by Pfizer.
Durvalumab with or without tremelimumab in the first-line setting does not improve overall survival (OS) over standard-of-care (SoC) chemotherapy in patients with unresectable, locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma, according to the phase III DANUBE trial.
The novel, next-generation, highly potent and selective RET inhibitor selpercatinib may modify the landscape of another genomic subgroup — RET-altered cancers, according to two early-phase trials investigating the potential of selpercatinib in medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) and non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
The combination therapy comprising carfilzomib, cyclophosphamide and dexamethasone (KCd) is effective, with a tolerable safety profile, in an Asian cohort with high-risk multiple myeloma (MM) — thus providing a more economical alternative as a potential upfront regimen in resource-limited settings, according to leading experts during a myeloma education webinar.
Diabetes is a key risk factor for heart failure (HF), which is the leading cause of hospitalization in patients with or without diabetes. SGLT-2* inhibitors (SGLT-2is) have been shown to reduce the risk of hospitalization for HF (HHF) regardless of the presence or absence of diabetes.
The substitution of isoleucine to leucine at amino acid 97 (I97L) in the core region of the hepatitis B virus (HBV) seems to reduce its potency, decreasing the efficiency of both infection and the synthesis of the virus’ covalently closed circular (ccc) DNA, reports a new study presented at The Liver Meeting Digital Experience by the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (AASLD 2020).