It appears that a proinflammatory potential of the diet does not have a significant relationship with the risk of developing colorectal tumours (CRTs) in patients with Lynch syndrome (LS), according to a study.
Profiling of primary pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas with matrix-assisted laser desorption-ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry (MS) can identify diseases with metastatic potential based on their different asparagine-linked glycan (N-glycan) structures, according to a study conducted at Helsinki University Hospital and Glykos Finland Ltd.
Resveratrol, piceatannol and analogues demonstrate a high potency both as inhibitors of androgen synthesis and androgen receptor activation, according to a study, suggesting the potential of such compounds in the chemoprevention of prostate cancer.
In patients with renal cell carcinoma, mean platelet volume is a highly significant risk factor for recurrence and cancer-specific death, a recent study has found. This parameter enhances the accuracy of the Leibovich prognosis score to better predict long-term outcomes in localized renal cell carcinoma cases following curative surgical resection.
Severity of malignancy, preoperative serum albumin concentration, intraoperative blood loss and duration of operation, among other factors, predict postoperative pneumonia (POP) development following major oral cancer (OC) surgery, a recent study has found.
Men with breast cancer have tumours that are typically of the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative Luminal B subtype and positive for oestrogen receptor, progesterone receptor and androgen receptor, according to the results of the EORTC 10085/TBCRC/BIG/NABCG International Male Breast Cancer Program study.
The 5-year survival rates for human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated cancers vary greatly according to age and race, with Caucasians and younger patients tending to have better survival, according to a recent US study.
Family history of melanoma and CDKN2A mutation status significantly affect the risks of developing subsequent melanomas and other cancers and survival outcomes in patients with multiple primary melanomas (MPMs), a recent study has shown.
In patients infected with Helicobacter pylori, long-term use of proton pump inhibitors is associated with an increased risk of gastric cancer even after treatment for the infection, a recent population-based study has shown.
An interim analysis from the multinational phase III CASTOR trial, presented recently at the 2016 American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Annual Meeting, showed that adding daratumumab to the standard two-drug regimen of bortezomib and dexamethasone markedly improved outcomes of patients with recurrent or refractory multiple myeloma.
Compared with viral hepatocellular carcinomas and those of other aetiologies, cryptogenic hepatocellular carcinomas tend to manifest at later stages and are associated with worse survival, according to a study presented at the 26th Conference of the Asian Pacific Association for the Study of the Liver (APASL 2017).