Pembrolizumab improved progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) over best supportive care in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), according to the phase III KEYNOTE-240* trial, supporting its role as a treatment option for HCC in the second-line setting.
First-line treatment with pembrolizumab plus axitinib significantly improved overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with advanced clear-cell RCC* who had intermediate/poor IMDC** risk classification, according to updated results of the KEYNOTE-426*** study presented at BASCO 2019 Annual Meeting held in Singapore.
Patients with HER2+ breast cancer with disease progression despite ≥2 lines of HER2-directed therapy may improve their progression-free survival (PFS) with the addition of neratinib than lapatinib to capecitabine, according to the phase III NALA* trial.
The addition of radium-223 (Ra223) to enzalutamide for the treatment of mCRPC* was associated with increased fracture risk, which was entirely abolished with mandated use of bone-protecting agents (BPAs) such as zoledronic acid and denosumab, according to interim results of the EORTC 1333 (PEACE III) trial.
Final analysis of the POEMS (Prevention of Early Menopause) study finds that breast cancer (BC) patients treated with the gonadotrophin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) goserelin, in addition to chemotherapy, are more likely to avoid premature menopause and to become pregnant without negatively impacting disease-related outcomes.
In breast cancer, especially hormone-negative tumours, an ultrasound-guided core biopsy (CNB) is useful for predicting pathologic complete response (pCR) to chemotherapy and may thus help to avoid surgery for some patients, a study has found.
Circulating miR-155 may be potentially used as a diagnostic and therapeutic monitoring marker in breast cancer, suggests an Indonesian study presented at the 2019 Asia Congress of the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO Asia 2019).