Investigators from the University of Manchester, Manchester, UK recently demonstrated a significant interaction between volume of identified calcifications and their mean radiotherapy (RT) dose in predicting survival in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
Age ≥60 years and ≥20 percent of normal lung volume receiving a radiation dose of ≥20 Gy (V20) are significant predictors of radiation pneumonitis (RP) in patients treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) for lung cancer, a Chinese study has shown.
Reduction in gross tumour volume (GTV) during concurrent chemoradiation therapy (CRT) may be linked to worse overall survival (OS) in patients with locally advanced lung adenocarcinoma, according to a recent study reported at the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) 19th World Conference on Lung Cancer (WCLC 2018).
Prognostic nutrition index (PNI) strongly predicts clinical outcomes in patients with locally advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to two studies presented at the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer 19th World Conference on Lung Cancer (WCLC 2018).
An updated 10-year analysis of the RTOG 0214 trial showed that the use of prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) improved disease-free survival (DFS) and reduced brain metastases, but failed to improve overall survival (OS) in patients with locally advanced non-small-cell lung carcinoma (LA-NSCLC).
Adding nintedanib to standard-of-care pemetrexed-cisplatin doublet chemotherapy does not improve progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM), the phase III LUME-Meso study has shown.
The anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) inhibitor brigatinib demonstrated better progression-free survival (PFS) vs crizotinib among ALK-positive non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients not previously treated with an ALK inhibitor.
Adaptive radiotherapy (RT) guided by 18F-FDG PET/CT functional imaging improves objective response rate (ORR) and survival in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) without increasing toxicity compared with conventional RT, a small study conducted in China has shown.
Adding cetuximab to afatinib does not improve overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS) or objective response rate (ORR) in the first-line treatment of patients with advanced or recurrent non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harbouring classical sensitizing EGFR mutations.
Atezolizumab, when added to standard-of-care chemotherapy, significantly improves survival of patients with extensive-stage small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) in the first-line setting, according to results of the IMpower133 trial reported at the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) 19th World Conference on Lung Cancer (WCLC 2018).
Final analysis of the POEMS (Prevention of Early Menopause) study finds that breast cancer (BC) patients treated with the gonadotrophin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) goserelin, in addition to chemotherapy, are more likely to avoid premature menopause and to become pregnant without negatively impacting disease-related outcomes.
In breast cancer, especially hormone-negative tumours, an ultrasound-guided core biopsy (CNB) is useful for predicting pathologic complete response (pCR) to chemotherapy and may thus help to avoid surgery for some patients, a study has found.
Circulating miR-155 may be potentially used as a diagnostic and therapeutic monitoring marker in breast cancer, suggests an Indonesian study presented at the 2019 Asia Congress of the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO Asia 2019).