Treatment with the ROS1 inhibitor entrectinib yielded deep and durable responses in patients with ROS1 fusion-positive non–small cell lung cancer (ROS1+ NSCLC), including in those with brain metastases, according to a pooled analysis of three studies.
First-line therapy with the anti-programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) monoclonal antibody durvalumab improved overall survival (OS) in patients with metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) compared with platinum-based chemotherapy (CT), according to results from two analyses of the MYSTIC* trial presented at ELCC 2019.
Maintenance immunotherapy with the immune checkpoint inhibitors nivolumab and ipilimumab failed to improve overall survival (OS) in individuals with extensive-stage disease small-cell lung cancer (ED-SCLC), according to CheckMate 451* results presented at ELCC 2019.
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Transitioning from bortezomib- to ixazomib-based induction is feasible, tolerable and effective in the treatment of community patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM), according to a study presented at the 61st Annual Meeting of the American Society of Hematology (ASH 2019).
Final analysis of the POEMS (Prevention of Early Menopause) study finds that breast cancer (BC) patients treated with the gonadotrophin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) goserelin, in addition to chemotherapy, are more likely to avoid premature menopause and to become pregnant without negatively impacting disease-related outcomes.
In breast cancer, especially hormone-negative tumours, an ultrasound-guided core biopsy (CNB) is useful for predicting pathologic complete response (pCR) to chemotherapy and may thus help to avoid surgery for some patients, a study has found.
Circulating miR-155 may be potentially used as a diagnostic and therapeutic monitoring marker in breast cancer, suggests an Indonesian study presented at the 2019 Asia Congress of the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO Asia 2019).