Undergoing a bilateral risk-reducing mastectomy (BRRM) appears to improve breast cancer-specific survival (BCSS) and overall survival (OS) in healthy women who are carriers of the BRCA1 mutation, according to a study from The Netherlands. Conversely, women carrying the BRCA2 mutation had similar BCSS regardless of whether they underwent BRRM or surveillance.
Neoadjuvant chemotherapy plus targeted anti-HER2 therapy may reduce the need for mastectomy and lymph node removal in women with HER2-positive breast cancer, according to a study from Spain that was presented at EBCC 2018.
A single administration of the fixed-dose combination consisting of netupitant plus palonosetron (NEPA) in addition to dexamethasone may be an effective strategy for preventing chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) among breast cancer patients receiving combination chemotherapy consisting of anthracycline and cyclophosphamide (AC), according to results from the GIM15-NEPA* trial presented at EBCC 2018.
The addition of the selective CDK*4/6 inhibitor ribociclib to a regimen consisting of tamoxifen or a non-steroidal aromatase inhibitor (NSAI) and goserelin prolonged progression-free survival (PFS) and generated a higher objective tumour response rate in pre- or perimenopausal women with HR-positive, HER2-negative advanced breast cancer, according to additional results from the MONALEESA-7** trial presented at EBCC 2018.
Women with invasive breast cancer who received hypofractionated intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) at a reduced dose or to only the tumour site (partial radiation) were less likely to report adverse events (AEs) than those who received standard dose IMRT to the whole breast, according to findings of the phase III, UK-based IMPORT LOW* trial.
Post-menopausal women diagnosed with oestrogen receptor (ER)-positive ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) who undergo breast-conserving surgery followed by whole breast radiotherapy have a reduced risk of developing local recurrence, according to a study from Italy.
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Transitioning from bortezomib- to ixazomib-based induction is feasible, tolerable and effective in the treatment of community patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM), according to a study presented at the 61st Annual Meeting of the American Society of Hematology (ASH 2019).
Final analysis of the POEMS (Prevention of Early Menopause) study finds that breast cancer (BC) patients treated with the gonadotrophin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) goserelin, in addition to chemotherapy, are more likely to avoid premature menopause and to become pregnant without negatively impacting disease-related outcomes.
In breast cancer, especially hormone-negative tumours, an ultrasound-guided core biopsy (CNB) is useful for predicting pathologic complete response (pCR) to chemotherapy and may thus help to avoid surgery for some patients, a study has found.
Circulating miR-155 may be potentially used as a diagnostic and therapeutic monitoring marker in breast cancer, suggests an Indonesian study presented at the 2019 Asia Congress of the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO Asia 2019).