Aggressive dose de-escalation of radiotherapy provides similar efficacy and superior safety profile in patients with human papilloma virus (HPV)-positive oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC), according to a recent study presented at the 2017 Annual Meeting of the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO).
Hypofractionated radiotherapy (HFRT) is equally effective and safe compared with conventional fractionated RT (CFRT) in Chinese breast cancer patients who have undergone mastectomy, according to a phase III study presented at the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) 2017 Annual Meeting. [ASTRO 2017, abstract 5]
Use of consolidative stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SAbR) prior to maintenance chemotherapy improves progression-free survival (PFS) by more than 6 months in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who have limited metastases, a recent phase II study has shown. [ASTRO 2017, abstract LBA3; JAMA Oncol 2017, doi: 10.1001/jamaoncol.2017.3501]
Combination therapy with the CTLA-4 blocker, ipilimumab, and stereotactic ablative radiation therapy (SABR) is effective in cancers with metastatic lung and liver lesions, according to results presented at the 2017 Annual Meeting of the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO).
Integrating robust smoking cessation programs with organized low-dose CT (LDCT) lung cancer screening may decrease mortality rates while being relatively cost-effective, according to a modelling study.
Customizing chemotherapy (CT) treatment based on BRCA1 expression levels of post-operative patients with stage II/III non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) does not affect overall survival (OS) versus standard treatment, say researchers.
On-the-ground education focused on changing knowledge, beliefs and attitudes towards cancer may be key to reducing disproportionately high mortality rates among underserved minority communities, say researchers.