Urogenital infections remain a major reason for women to visit their family physician and their subsequent referral to obstetrics and gynaecology or urology specialists. The association between abnormal vaginal microbiota and an increased risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), as well as an increased rate of preterm labour, indicates the need to better understand and manage urogenital health in women. Probiotics are “live microorganisms which, when administered in adequate amounts, confer a health benefit on the host”. As such, there is a sound rationale for using probiotics to maintain female vaginal and bladder health.
During the Kuala Lumpur International Neonatology Conference held in conjunction with the World Prematurity Day 2017, Dato Dr Musa Mohd Nordin spoke on the importance of immunizing children with the diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis-inactivated poliovirus-Haemophilus influenzae type b (DTaP-IPV-Hib) vaccine. He highlighted the role of Hexaxim® as a fully liquid, ready-to-use, 6-in-1 (including hepatitis B) vaccine for the primary and booster vaccinations of infants and toddlers. Meanwhile, Dr Yong Junina Fadzil discussed the benefits of quadrivalent influenza vaccines (QIVs) in providing children with broader protection against influenza B viruses.
Dr Elizabeth Carpenter, Principal Scientist of Dairy Goat Co-operative (DGC) in New Zealand, spoke to MIMS about goat milk as a source of protein in childhood nutrition. Below are highlights from the interview.
The human body is home to an estimated 100 trillion microbial cells and a quadrillion viruses, which are collectively known as the human microbiota. Recently, the human microbiota has gained the attention of the scientific fraternity for its roles in health and diseases, with some quarters referring to it as the 'forgotten organ'. Imbalances in the usual composition of commensal or symbiotic species in a localized area of the body is known as microbial shift or dysbiosis, and this condition may result in infections caused by opportunistic pathogens, thereby impacting the natural defence mechanism of the human body.
Identification of BRCA mutation in ovarian cancer is vital because it allows better risk management and there is evidence that carriers may benefit from new treatment modalities, said Professor Woo Yin Ling, consultant gynaecological oncologist at the University of Malaya.
At a symposium during the 25th Congress of the Obstetrical and Gynaecological Society of Malaysia in Kuala Lumpur, Professor Susan Davis discussed the unique implications of women living decades beyond menopause, and how healthcare professionals can best manage menopausal symptoms in the short and long term.
In addition to the known evils of maternal smoking during pregnancy on the son’s semen quality, prenatal exposure to paternal smoking can also be harmful, according to data from the large Danish National Birth Cohort (DNBC) presented at the ESHRE 2019 Meeting.
In patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated by primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI), admission Killip classification and creatinine and troponin levels are important cardiac mortality predictors, according to a recent Singapore study.