Consuming polyphenol-rich pomegranate juice during pregnancy was associated with better microstructural development and functional connectivity in the brains of newborns with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), suggests preliminary evidence from a pilot randomized study.
Pregnancy attenuates the risk of endometrial cancer regardless of whether it ends shortly after conception or at 40 weeks of gestation, a study has shown. A biological process occurring within the first weeks of pregnancy drives this risk reduction, as shown by pregnancies terminated through induced abortions having similar risk reductions as those ending in childbirth.
Children born to women receiving dolutegravir-based antiretroviral therapy (ART) for HIV since conception have an uptick of neural-tube defects compared with those whose mothers took non-dolutegravir ART at conception, additional follow-up data from the Tsepamo surveillance study show.
Having identified the prevalence and increased risk of masked hypertension in pregnant women, a recent study suggests that an office blood pressure (BP) of at least 125/75 mm Hg in the second half of gestation may be appropriate to indicate out-of-office measurements in high-risk pregnancies.
Lower age at onset of first menstruation poses an increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) later in life, possibly driven by adult body mass index (BMI), whereas later menarche is associated with reduced diabetes risk, a study has found.
The immunotherapeutic human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine tipapkinogen sovacivec (TS) provided complete histologic resolution of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) grade 2/3, offering a potential nonsurgical option for cervical precancerous lesions which could stretch to other HPV-associated precursors or cancers in the future, a new study shows.
Women who have premature ovarian insufficiency and are receiving hormone therapy (HT) appear to have poor sleep quality, taking longer to fall asleep and experiencing greater fatigue, according to a recent study.
Use of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) during pregnancy was significantly associated with an increased risk of language delay in offspring at 5 and 8 years of age, according to a study presented at EAN 2019.
Beta-blockers could reduce mortality risk in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) and moderate or moderately-severe renal dysfunction without causing harm, according to the BB-META-HF* trial presented at ESC 2019.
The addition of ezetimibe improves statin treatment in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients with dyslipidaemia and low eicosapentaenoic acid-to-arachidonic acid (EPA/AA) ratio, resulting in a lowered risk of cardiovascular events compared to monotherapy, according to a study presented at the recently concluded 2019 Congress of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC 2019) held in Paris, France.