Dr Dariusz P. Olszyna, a senior consultant at the Division of Infectious Diseases, National University Hospital, Singapore, speaks to Roshini Claire Anthony on the importance of early detection to prevent the spread and complications related to sexually-transmitted infections (STIs).
According to the Singapore Cancer Registry, ovarian cancer was the fifth most frequent cancer among women in Singapore and accounted for 5.4 percent of all female cancers diagnosed between 2011 and 2015, with an increasing incidence rate through the last four decades.
Endometriosis is a chronic gynaecologic condition affecting up to one in every 10 women. KK Women’s and Children’s Hospital (KKH) in Singapore treats approximately 1,200 women with endometriosis-related problems every year. Audrey Abella speaks with Dr Wei-Wei Wee-Stekly, consultant at the Minimally Invasive Surgery Unit at KKH, on how this condition can be appropriately addressed in the primary care setting.
Cancer of the corpus uteri (uterine cancer) accounted for nearly 7 percent of all female cancers in Singapore between 2011 and 2015 and was the fourth most frequent female cancer among all Singaporeans.The majority of patients are diagnosed with cancer confined to the uterus and have a 5-year survival rate exceeding 90 percent, while the survival rate of stage IV endometrial cancer is approximately 20 percent. This highlights the importance of recognizing and detecting endometrial cancers early in the natural history.
Dr. Kelvin Ki-Wan Chan, Dr. Chun-Ka Wong, 20180710000000
Case 1: Madam A became pregnant at 38 years of age. She carried a class IV risk under the modified WHO classification of maternal cardiovascular risk, for which pregnancy was contraindicated. Termination of pregnancy was repeatedly suggested, but the couple opted to continue with the pregnancy.
Case 2: Madam B had had hypertension since early adolescence. Apart from being obese with a Body Mass Index of 34 kg/m2and fatty liver disease, extensive investigations were unrevealing. Her family history was unremarkable. She was then lost to follow-up. At 24 years of age, madam B was referred back to our hospital for a high-risk pregnancy situation during her first trimester.
Acute diarrhoea is the second leading cause of deathin children aged younger than 5 years, accounting forapproximately 1.9 million deaths worldwide each year;however, diarrhoea is a preventable and treatable condition.In Malaysia, acute gastroenteritis accounts for about 1.3%of all deaths in children aged younger than 5 years annually.Diarrhoea is defined as the passage of three or more looseor watery stools within 24 hours, and it may be clinicallycategorised as either acute watery diarrhoea (AWD), acutebloody diarrhoea, persistent diarrhoea or diarrhoea withsevere malnutrition.