Pregnancy attenuates the risk of endometrial cancer regardless of whether it ends shortly after conception or at 40 weeks of gestation, a study has shown. A biological process occurring within the first weeks of pregnancy drives this risk reduction, as shown by pregnancies terminated through induced abortions having similar risk reductions as those ending in childbirth.
Children born to women receiving dolutegravir-based antiretroviral therapy (ART) for HIV since conception have an uptick of neural-tube defects compared with those whose mothers took non-dolutegravir ART at conception, additional follow-up data from the Tsepamo surveillance study show.
The immunotherapeutic human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine tipapkinogen sovacivec (TS) provided complete histologic resolution of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) grade 2/3, offering a potential nonsurgical option for cervical precancerous lesions which could stretch to other HPV-associated precursors or cancers in the future, a new study shows.
Use of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) during pregnancy was significantly associated with an increased risk of language delay in offspring at 5 and 8 years of age, according to a study presented at EAN 2019.
Oral solithromycin may not be a suitable substitute for ceftriaxone plus azithromycin in the first-line treatment of uncomplicated genital gonorrhoea, according to results of the phase III SOLITAIRE-U* trial.
Delaying the transfer of embryo until the blastocyst stage during in-vitro fertilization (IVF) increased obstetric complications and twin births in a Nordic study. This finding is particularly important as there’s a spike in assisted reproduction technology (ART) treatments being performed with blastocyst transfer (BT) in recent years, according to the investigators.
A 3-day course of pivmecillinam to treat uncomplicated lower urinary tract infection (UTI) yielded similar outcomes as a 5-day course, suggesting that 3-day treatment may be sufficient, according to a study from Denmark.
Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination significantly reduces the frequency of genital HPV 16 and 18 infections and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2+ (CIN2+) in young women and shows signs of herd effects with a reduced frequency of anogenital warts in both young women and men, a recent study showed.
Patients undergoing assisted reproduction for non-male factor infertility do not derive greater benefit from intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) over in vitro fertilization (IVF), according to a study presented at ESHRE 2019.
Systolic blood pressure appears to have a strong association with aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (aSAH) but not with unruptured intracranial aneurysm (UIA), whereas current smoking and female sex are risk factors for both conditions, a study has found.