In highly viraemic mothers, initiating treatment with tenofovir alafenamide fumarate (TAF) at the 13th gestational week or later in pregnancy puts a lid on hepatitis B virus (HBV) and prevents vertical transmission when infants receive standard immunoprophylaxis, as shown in a study.
Shorter reproductive years and greater parity appear to increase the risk of cognitive impairment in late life among Singaporean Chinese women, while the use of oral contraceptives and hormone-replacement therapy (HRT) may reduce such risk, according to a study.
Use of a levonorgestrel intrauterine device (IUD) can help reduce menstrual bleeding in adolescents with disabilities — thus providing an option for menstrual management in this population with special needs, in whom data on IUD use are lacking.
Endometrial scratching prior to first cycle of in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) has no benefit on livebirth or clinical pregnancy rate, according to a study presented at ESHRE 2020.
The local incidence of difficult intubation of patients delivering by caesarean section under general anaesthesia at a high-volume obstetric hospital in Singapore is 33 in 660 (1:20 or 5.0 percent), reports a recent study. No case of failed intubation has been recorded.
Yearly mammography starting from the age of 40 rather than the age of 50 significantly reduces the risk of dying from breast cancer, particularly during the first 10 years of follow-up, according to the large randomized UK Age trial.
Preterm and early-term delivery are independently associated with the risk of premature mortality from several major causes, and these associations decline over time but persist for up to 40 years later, suggest the results of a national cohort and co-sibling study in Sweden.
Acute diarrhoea is the second leading cause of deathin children aged younger than 5 years, accounting forapproximately 1.9 million deaths worldwide each year;however, diarrhoea is a preventable and treatable condition.In Malaysia, acute gastroenteritis accounts for about 1.3%of all deaths in children aged younger than 5 years annually.Diarrhoea is defined as the passage of three or more looseor watery stools within 24 hours, and it may be clinicallycategorised as either acute watery diarrhoea (AWD), acutebloody diarrhoea, persistent diarrhoea or diarrhoea withsevere malnutrition.