Measuring the ratio of the soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFlt-1) to placental growth factor (PlGF) improves the accuracy of identifying pre-eclampsia without changing admission rates, according to the results of a trial.
Having identified the prevalence and increased risk of masked hypertension in pregnant women, a recent study suggests that an office blood pressure (BP) of at least 125/75 mm Hg in the second half of gestation may be appropriate to indicate out-of-office measurements in high-risk pregnancies.
Lower age at onset of first menstruation poses an increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) later in life, possibly driven by adult body mass index (BMI), whereas later menarche is associated with reduced diabetes risk, a study has found.
Women who have premature ovarian insufficiency and are receiving hormone therapy (HT) appear to have poor sleep quality, taking longer to fall asleep and experiencing greater fatigue, according to a recent study.
Supplemental folate intake appears to mitigate the adverse effect of exposure to raised levels of nitrogen dioxide on the likelihood of a live birth in women undergoing assisted reproductive technologies, according to a study.
Hyperinsulinaemia and insulin resistance appear to exacerbate phenotypic characteristics, reproductive endocrine disorders, and glucose and lipid metabolic dysfunction in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients and therefore lead to reduced fertility in these women, a study has found.
Discontinuation of long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) among teens appears to be uncommon and is mostly influenced by contraceptive efficacy in relation to their reproductive values and preferences, according to a recent study.
Exposure to corticosteroids in patients with autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) appears to contribute to increased risks of cataract, diabetes and bone fractures, a study has found. Notably, the fracture risk is elevated at low doses, while the risk of adverse events overall is dose-dependent and is reversible.
In patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and stable coronary artery disease (CAD), rivaroxaban monotherapy is noninferior to combination treatment with an antiplatelet therapy in terms of cutting the risk of cardiovascular events and mortality, according to data from the AFIRE trial.
Supplementation with oral nano vitamin D appears to moderate disease activity and severity grade of patients with active ulcerative colitis (UC), suggests a study, adding that this association is more evident in those achieving a target vitamin D level of 40 ng/mL.