Cardiac lesions in pregnant women are associated with a heightened risk of giving birth to small babies, particularly in subgroups of those with Fontan circulation, pulmonary arterial hypertension, prosthetic heart valves and systemic right ventricle, according to a study.
High-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) appears to improve cancer prognoses, such that women with hrHPV-positive cervical tumours have better survival than those negative for the infection, a recent study has found.
Among infertile couples, currently active major depression (MD) in the male but not the female partner appears to exert a negative effect on non-in vitro fertilization treatment outcomes, a study has found. However, maternal use of antidepressants may increase the risk of first-trimester pregnancy loss, depending on the type of drug.
A lifestyle intervention combining dietary and physical activity counselling initiated during early pregnancy does not appear to effectively improve dietary intake, physical activity, or obstetric and perinatal outcomes in pregnant women at high risk of gestational diabetes mellitus, according to data from the RADIEL trial.
Regular use of low-dose aspirin appears to protect against ovarian cancer risk, according to a recent study, which also reports that such risks may be exacerbated in those with long-term, high-quantity use of other analgesics.