Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Top Medical News
Roshini Claire Anthony, 2 days ago

The addition of chemotherapy to endocrine therapy improved invasive disease-free survival (IDFS) in premenopausal women with lymph node-positive early stage hormone receptor-positive (HR+) HER2-negative (HER2-) breast cancer with recurrence score 25, according to early results of the phase III SWOG S1007 RxPonder* trial presented at SABCS 2020. However, the benefits did not appear to extend to postmenopausal women.

2 days ago
Among women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), higher baseline fasting glucose levels are linked to an increased incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus, a study reports.
6 days ago
High alpha-fetoprotein levels from vaginal blood aid in the same-day detection of an active miscarriage, a study has found.
Elaine Soliven, 20 Jan 2021
Screening with digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) was associated with lower false-negative (FN) cancer rates and improved breast cancer detection compared with digital mammography, according to a study presented at RSNA 2020.
Pearl Toh, 14 Jan 2021
While breast cancer survivors of childbearing age are less likely to get pregnant than the general population, most of them who do become pregnant deliver healthy babies without detrimental outcomes on their long-term survival, according to a large meta-analysis presented at the SABCS 2020 Congress.
Tristan Manalac, 14 Jan 2021
Children born to lower-income households tend to be poorly prepared for school, according to a recent Singapore study. In these households, too, the burden of depressive and anxiety symptoms among mothers appears to be high, which in turn contributes to the gap in school readiness.
Pearl Toh, 12 Jan 2021
Adding the CDK4/6 inhibitor abemaciclib to an endocrine therapy of fulvestrant extends overall survival (OS) compared with fulvestrant alone in East Asian patients with hormone receptor-positive (HR+), HER2-negative advanced breast cancer (ABC) who have progressed on prior endocrine therapy, consistent with results from the overall population, updated analysis of the global, phase III MONARCH 2 study has shown.
Special Reports
01 Sep 2020
Acute diarrhoea is the second leading cause of deathin children aged younger than 5 years, accounting forapproximately 1.9 million deaths worldwide each year;however, diarrhoea is a preventable and treatable condition.In Malaysia, acute gastroenteritis accounts for about 1.3%of all deaths in children aged younger than 5 years annually.Diarrhoea is defined as the passage of three or more looseor watery stools within 24 hours, and it may be clinicallycategorised as either acute watery diarrhoea (AWD), acutebloody diarrhoea, persistent diarrhoea or diarrhoea withsevere malnutrition.
12 Dec 2019
Rotavirus (RV) is highly contagious. Globally, 2 million children are hospitalized and more than 500,000 die annually from RV associated gastroenteritis. Therefore, vaccination is imperative for the prevention of RV infections.
10 Dec 2019
Oral H1-antihistamines are the initial treatment of choice for allergic rhinitis (AR) and chronic urticaria in the primary care setting. However, in a diverse population of patients with AR and urticaria, primary care physicians are faced with the challenge of prescribing the best therapy amid a wide armamentarium of antihistamines available.
12 Jun 2019
Urogenital infections remain a major reason for women to visit their family physician and their subsequent referral to obstetrics and gynaecology or urology specialists. The association between abnormal vaginal microbiota and an increased risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), as well as an increased rate of preterm labour, indicates the need to better understand and manage urogenital health in women. Probiotics are “live microorganisms which, when administered in adequate amounts, confer a health benefit on the host”. As such, there is a sound rationale for using probiotics to maintain female vaginal and bladder health.
01 Sep 2018

Gangliosides and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) play critical roles in early childhood brain development. 

Conference Reports
Roshini Claire Anthony, 25 Jan 2021

The addition of chemotherapy to endocrine therapy improved invasive disease-free survival (IDFS) in premenopausal women with lymph node-positive early stage hormone receptor-positive (HR+) HER2-negative (HER2-) breast cancer with recurrence score 25, according to early results of the phase III SWOG S1007 RxPonder* trial presented at SABCS 2020. However, the benefits did not appear to extend to postmenopausal women.

Pearl Toh, 14 Jan 2021
While breast cancer survivors of childbearing age are less likely to get pregnant than the general population, most of them who do become pregnant deliver healthy babies without detrimental outcomes on their long-term survival, according to a large meta-analysis presented at the SABCS 2020 Congress.
Roshini Claire Anthony, 07 Jan 2021

Physicians may often underestimate symptoms of pain, oedema, fatigue, and pruritus in patients undergoing radiotherapy for breast cancer, according to a study presented at SABCS 2020.

Pearl Toh, 29 Dec 2020
Omitting radiotherapy after breast-conserving surgery in older patients with hormone receptor (HR)-positive breast cancer who were also receiving appropriate systemic therapy did not impact overall survival (OS) at 10 years, even though the rate of local recurrence was higher than those who had radiotherapy, according to the PRIME* II study presented at SABCS 2020.
Pearl Toh, 20 Dec 2020
Behavioural interventions are effective in mitigating depressive symptoms in young survivors of breast cancer, according to a study presented at SABCS 2020. In particular, mindfulness meditation also improves other outcomes related to well-being such as fatigue and sleep disturbance.
Roshini Claire Anthony, 12 Nov 2020

Women with HER2+ early breast cancer who achieved pathologic complete response (pCR) on neoadjuvant treatment had improved overall survival (OS) and event-free survival (EFS) outcomes, according to final analysis results of the phase III NeoALTTO, BIG 1-06 trial.

Roshini Claire Anthony, 11 Nov 2020

The use of an algorithm to identify the presence of coronary artery calcifications (CAC) during radiotherapy-planning CT scans may help assess cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in women with breast cancer, according to a study from the Netherlands.

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